Sports Chiropractic

Sports Chiropractic

Sports Chiropractic also known as Chiropractic sports sciences/medicine is a specialty of Chiropractic medicine which is generally a 2 year post-graduate residency program and received a designation of certified chiropractic sports specialist CCSS (Canada) [cite web|url=|title=Sports Sciences Residency Program|publisher=Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College|accessdate=2008-04-19] or at a minimum acceptance into a Masters Degree in Sports medicine program to be eligible for accredition.cite web
title=Fellowship Program - Overview - CCSS(C) College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (Canada)
] The American equivalent is the Diplomate of the American Board of Sports Physicians (DABSP). [cite web|url=|title=Continuing Education CCSP® - Certified Chiropractic Sports Physician Program|publisher=Parker College of Chiropractic|accessdate=2008-04-19]

Practice parameters

The focus of chiropractic sports specialists is to provide care in the conservative management, rehabilitation and performance optimization of neuromusculoskeletal system for athletic populations and to participate in a multi-disciplinary sports injury care environmentFact|date=May 2008. The book "Opportunities in Chiropractic Careers" states that sports chiropractors have made contributions to protective gear and trauma management in contact sports, athletic health maintenance, therapy, and enhanced rehabilitation after injury. [cite book|coauthors=Green, B., Johnson, C., Sportelli, L.|title=Opportunities in Chiropractic Careers|publisher=McGraw Hill|date=2004|pages=140|isbn=007141164X|accessdate=2008-04-29] S pinal injury prevention has been identified as a role that sports chiropractors play. [cite journal|last=Pelletier |first=JC|title=Sports related concussion and spinal injuries: the need for changing spearing rules at the National Capital Amateur Football Association (NCAFA).|journal=J Can Chiropr Assoc. |volume=50|issue=3|pages=195-208.|issn=17549157 ] A 2007 study suggests that other non-traditional physician health care providers, such as nurse practitioners and chiropractors have seen an increase in their scope of practice to include screening high school students engaged in organized competitive sports.cite journal|coauthors=Glover DW, Glover DW, Maron BJ.|date=1: Am J Cardiol. 2007 Dec 1;100(11):1709-12. Epub 2007 Oct 24.|title=Evolution in the process of screening United States high school student-athletes for cardiovascular disease.|journal=American Journal of Cardiology|volume=100(11):1709-12.|issue=December|pages=1709-12|issn=PMID: 18036373|accessdate=2008-04-21] Specifically with regard to chiropractors the study reported "...states that permit practitioners with little or no cardiovascular training (such as chiropractors or naturopathic practitioners) to provide medical clearance of high school athletes increased from 11 (22%) in 1997 to 18 (35%) in 2005".

Use by Amateur and Professional sports Teams

Currently 31% of National Football League teams use a doctor of chiropractic in an official capacity on their medical staff. [cite journal|coauthors=John L. Stump DC, OMD, EdD and Daniel Redwood DC|date=March 2002,|title=The use and role of sport chiropractors in the National Football League: A short report |journal=Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics|volume= 25|pages=1-4 |accessdate=2008-04-19] A study analyzing Division I NCAA college athletes at inter-college sporting events in Hawaii found that chiropractic usage within the last 12 months was reported by 39% of respondents. [cite journal|coauthors=Nichols AW, Harrigan R.|date=2006|title=Complementary and alternative medicine usage by intercollegiate athletes.|journal=Clin J Sport Med. |volume=16|issue=16(3)|pages=232-7|issn=16778544]


Chiropractic sports medicine specialists first began treating Olympic athletes in limited at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Since then, chiropractic representation at the Olympics has steadily grownFact|date=April 2008. As part of a demonstration project, for the first time in Olympic history, chiropractic care will be fully integrated and in treating athletes in the polyclinic in 2010 at the Winter Olympics games in Vancouver. [cite web|url=|title=FICS Newsletter|date=March 31, 2008|publisher=Federation Internationale de Chiropratique du Sport|accessdate=2008-04-19] [citeweb|url=|title=2010 Winter Olympics GamesBusiness Plan and Games Budget|coauthors=Vancouver Organizing Commitee|pages=151|accessdate=2008-04-19] Only chiropractors who have obtained their specialty in Sports Chiropractic are allowed to be part of the medical staff at the Olympic games and treat athletes.Fact|date=April 2008

Integration: advances and barriers

According to Theberge, "Chiropractors' success in achieving acceptance on sport medicine teams is contingent on two factors: (a) reduced scope of practice in which they work primarily as manual therapists; and (b) the exemplary performance of individual practitioners who 'fit' into multi-disciplinary sport medicine teams." [cite journal|last=Theberge |first=N|title="The integration of chiropractors into healthcare teams: a case study from sport medicine."|date=2008 Jan;|journal=Sociol Health Illn. 2008 Jan;30(1):19-34.|volume=30|issue=1|pages=19-34.|issn=PMID: 18254831 |url=|accessdate=2008-04-19]

Notable athletes receiving chiropractic care

* Lance Armstrong [ [ Chiro Web] Accessed on April 28,2008]
* Tiger Woods [ [ Planet] Accessed on April 28, 2008]


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