Amice

Amice

The amice is a liturgical vestment used mainly in the Roman Catholic Church, in some Anglican churches, and in the Armenian Church. It consists of a white cloth connected to two long ribbon-like attachments, by which it is fastened around the shoulders of the priest. Before the liturgical reforms of 1972, its use was mandatory for all Roman Catholic Masses, but it is only required today if the alb does not cover the priest's ordinary clothing. Many priests choose to wear the amice for reasons of tradition or to prevent damage to their other vestments due to perspiration.

Certain mendicant Orders, such as the Dominicans and Franciscans, and some other orders with hooded habits, often donned the amice over the raised hood. The priest, or minister, then fastened the ribbons - crossed at the chest - behind his chest. The alb was donned over the hood/amice, and fastened. The hood/amice could then be retracted neatly around the collar.

In several Mediaeval uses, such as the Sarum Rite, the amice bore a broad stiff band of brocade or other decoration, giving the impression of a high collar. These were called "apparelled amices". This practice was abandoned at Rome at about the end of the 15th century, but continued in other parts of Europe until much later. By 1907, however, the practice was no longer tolerated in Roman Catholic liturgy, but still exists within many Anglican communities.

Curiously enough, this collar-like amice spread to the Armenian Church, where is retained as a normal part of the priestly vestments among the Armenian Orthodox, who call it "varkas".

While donning the amice, the priest first drapes the amice over his head (as with a hood), then lowers it to his neck, tying it around his torso. During this action he prays a short prayer asking God to clothe him with the "helmet of salvation".

ources and references

*Catholic|Amice


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amice — • A short linen cloth, square or oblong in shape and, like the other sacerdotal vestments, needing to be blessed before use Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Amice     Amice      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Amice — Am ice, n. [OE. amyse, prob. for amyt, OF. amit, ameit, fr. L. amictus cloak, the word being confused with amice, almuce, a hood or cape. See next word.] A square of white linen worn at first on the head, but now about the neck and shoulders, by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Amice — Am ice, n. [OE. amuce, amisse, OF. almuce, aumuce, F. aumusse, LL. almucium, almucia, aumucia: of unknown origin; cf. G. m[ u]tze cap, prob. of the same origin. Cf. {Mozetta}.] (Eccl.) A hood, or cape with a hood, made of lined with gray fur,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Amice — f English: from a medieval given name derived from Latin ami(ci)tia friendship; see AMITY (SEE Amity) …   First names dictionary

  • amice! — amȋce! uzv. <V od amicus> DEFINICIJA zast. prijatelju!, riječ obraćanja, skretanja pozornosti i pojačavanja značenja rečenoga među osobama više naobrazbe, posebno humanističkih struka ETIMOLOGIJA lat. amicus: prijatelj …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • amice — amice1 [am′is] n. [ME < OFr amit < L amictus, a cloak; confused with OFr aumuce < ML almutia, cowl or hood] an oblong white linen cloth worn about the neck and shoulders by a priest at Mass amice2 [am′is] n. a fur lined hood or hooded… …   English World dictionary

  • Amice — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.   Sigles d’une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres   Sigles de trois lettres   Sigles de quatre lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • amice — amice1 /am is/, n. Eccles. an oblong vestment, usually of white linen, worn about the neck and shoulders and partly under the alb. [1200 50; ME amice(s) < OF amis, amys, pl. of amit < L amictus mantle, cloak, equiv. to amic , base of amicire to… …   Universalium

  • amice — noun Etymology: Middle English amis, modification of Anglo French amit, from Medieval Latin amictus, from Latin, cloak, from amicire to wrap around, from am , amb around + jacere to throw more at ambi , jet Date: 13th century a liturgical… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Amice — A white scarf worn on the shoulders by celebrant priests; sometimes expensively decorated, perhaps like *orphrey. [< Lat. amicio = to clothe, cover] …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”