Infobox Top level domain

type=Sponsored top-level domain
registry=Associació puntCAT
sponsor=Fundació puntCAT
intendeduse=Catalan linguistic and cultural community
actualuse=28,000 domains and about 4 million web pages (as of April 2008)
restrictions=Screening is done both before and after registration to ensure registrants are part of applicable community
structure=Direct second-level registrations are allowed
document= [http://www.icann.org/tlds/stld-apps-19mar04/cat.htm ICANN New sTLD RFP Application]
disputepolicy=UDRP, [http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/sponsored/sponsorship-agmt-att12-13oct01.htm Charter Eligibility Dispute Resolution Procedure (CEDRP)] , Compliance Reconsideration Policy (CRP)
website= [http://www.domini.cat/ puntCAT] |

.cat is a sponsored top-level domain intended to be used to highlight Catalan language and culture. Its policy has been developed by ICANN and Fundació puntCAT. It was approved in September 2005. [ [http://www.domini.cat/normativa/en_index.html CAT ] ]


Before .cat was available, and given the reluctance of certain nationalistic groups governing Catalan institutions, companies, to use .es, .ad, .fr, .it domains (depending on the state respectively) for their webpages, alternatives emerged. The most 'exotic' example of this is the website for the city of Girona in Catalonia, which preferred to use a .gi domain ("http://www.ajuntament.gi/", the word "ajuntament" meaning both "city council" and "town hall"), even though .gi is the country code for Gibraltar, instead the corresponding .es as a Spanish local authority.

To solve this question, in September 2005 the .cat TLD was approved, intending to attend the claims of that part of the Catalan linguistic and cultural community on the Internet. This community is made up of those who use the Catalan language for their online communications, and/or promote the different aspects of Catalan culture online and refuse to use any other domain. The initial registration period went from February 13th, 2006, to April 21st, 2006. The registry was open to everybody starting April 23rd, 2006. [http://www.domini.cat/en_faq/ CAT ] ]


The .cat domain is not territorial, but applies to the whole Catalan-speaking community, whether or not a site is based in the so-called Catalan Countries. In order to be granted a .cat domain, one needs to belong to the Catalan linguistic and cultural community on the Internet. A person, organization or company is considered to belong if they:

*already have contents in Catalan published online.
*have access to a special code (sometimes called ENS), issued during special promotions or by agreements with certain institutions.
*develop activities (in any language) to promote the Catalan culture and language.
*are endorsed by 3 people or 1 institution already using a .cat domain name.


External links

*ca icon [http://www.domini.cat/ Information and register process]
*ca icon [http://www.puntcat.org/ Associació puntCAT]
* [http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_1/gerrand/ Cultural diversity in cyberspace: The Catalan campaign to win the new .cat top level domain]

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