Fool's Parsley

Fool's Parsley

name = Fool's Parsley

image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Apiales
familia = Apiaceae
genus = "Aethusa"
genus_authority = L.
species = "A. cynapium"
binomial = "Aethusa cynapium"
binomial_authority = L.

The Fool's Parsley ("Aethusa cynapium") or Fool's Cicely or Poison Parsley is an annual (rarely biennial) herb in the plant family Apiaceae, native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa. It is the only member of the genus "Aethusa".

It has a fusiform root and a smooth hollow branched stem growing to about 80 cm high, with much divided (ternately pinnate) smooth leaves with an unpleasant smell, and small compound umbels of small irregular white flowers. It is related to Hemlock and Water-dropwort and like them is poisonous, though less so than Hemlock. Poisoning from Fool's Parsley showed symptoms of heat in the mouth and throat and a post-mortem examination showed redness of the lining membrane of the gullet and windpipe and slight congestion of the duodenum and stomach. Since some toxins are destroyed by drying, hay containing the plant is not poisonous. Symptoms of poisoning are heat in the mouth and throat.

It has been introduced into many other parts of the world and is a common weed in cultivated ground.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fool's parsley — Parsley Pars ley (p[aum]rs l[y^]), n. [OE. persely, persil, F. persil, L. petroselinum rock parsley, Gr. petrose linon; pe tros stone + se linon parsley. Cf. {Celery}.] (Bot.) An aromatic umbelliferous herb ({Carum Petroselinum}), having finely… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fool's parsley — Fool Fool, n. [OE. fol, n. & adj., F. fol, fou, foolish, mad; a fool, prob. fr. L. follis a bellows, wind bag, an inflated ball; perh. akin to E. bellows. Cf. {Folly}, {Follicle}.] 1. One destitute of reason, or of the common powers of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fool's-parsley — [fo͞olzpärs′lē] n. a poisonous, foul smelling European weed (Aethusa cynapium) of the umbel family: also fool s parsley …   English World dictionary

  • fool's-parsley — dėmėtoji mauda statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Salierinių šeimos vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Conium maculatum), paplitęs Europoje, šiaurės Afrikoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Conium maculatum angl. carrot fern; fool s parsley; hemlock;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • fool's-parsley — nuodingoji šunpetrė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Salierinių šeimos vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Aethusa cynapium), paplitęs Europoje ir vakarų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Aethusa cynapium angl. fool s parsley šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • fool's-parsley — fool s′ pars ley n. pln an Old World fetid, poisonous weed, Aethusa cynapium, of the parsley family • Etymology: 1745–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • fool's parsley — noun Date: 1755 a poisonous European weed (Aethusa cynapium) of the carrot family that resembles parsley and is naturalized in the northern United States and southern Canada …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fool's-parsley — /foohlz pahrs lee/, n. an Old World fetid, poisonous plant, Aethusa cynapium, resembling parsley. [1745 55] * * * …   Universalium

  • fool's parsley — noun a poisonous white flowered plant of the parsley family, with fern like leaves and an unpleasant smell. [Aethusa cynapium.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • fool's parsley — /fulz ˈpasli/ (say foohlz pahslee) noun a fetid, poisonous umbelliferous herb, Aethusa cynapium, resembling parsley …  

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