Andrias scheuchzeri

Andrias scheuchzeri
Andrias scheuchzeri
Fossil of Andrias scheuchzeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Cryptobranchidae
Genus: Andrias
Species: A. scheuchzeri
Binomial name
Andrias scheuchzeri
(Holl, 1831)
Synonyms

Homo diluvii testis
Salamandra scheuchzeri

Andrias scheuchzeri is an extinct species of giant salamander, which only is known from fossils. It lived from the oligocene to the pliocene.[1] It and the extant A. davidianus cannot be mutually diagnosed, and the latter, only described in 1871, is therefore sometimes considered a synonym of the former.[2]

Restoration
Scheuchzer's Homo diluvii testis

In his book Lithographia Helvetica from 1726, Johann Jakob Scheuchzer described a fossil as Homo diluvii testis (Latin: Evidence of a diluvian human), believing it to be the remains of a human that drowned in the biblical Deluge. The fossil was about 1 m (3 ft) long, lacked its tail and hind legs, and could thus be interpreted as showing some resemblance to the remains of a violently trampled human child. The Teylers Museum in Haarlem, the Netherlands, bought the fossil in 1802, where it still is being exhibited. In 1812, the fossil was examined by Georges Cuvier, who recognized it as not being human. After being recognized as a salamander, it was renamed Salamandra scheuchzeri by Holl in 1831. The genus Andrias was only coined six years later by Johann Jakob von Tschudi. In doing so, both the genus, Andrias (which means image of man), and the specific name, scheuchzeri, ended up honouring Scheuchzer and his beliefs.

In fiction

The fictional descendents of Andrias scheuchzeri are the primary antagonists in Karel Čapek's 1936 science fiction novel War With the Newts.

Sources

  • Aquagenesis: The Origin and Evolution of Life in the Sea by Richard Ellis
  • Fossil Salamanders of North America (Life of the Past) by J. Alan Holman
  • Cradle of Life: The Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils by J. William Schopf
  • The Swedish popular scientific magazine Illustrerad vetenskap 2/2008
  • Amphibians: The World of Frogs, Toads, Salamanders and Newts by Robert Hofrichter



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrias Scheuchzeri — Andrias schleuchzeri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrias scheuchzeri — ? † Andrias scheuchzeri …   Википедия

  • Andrĭas Scheuchzĕri — (Petref.), s. u. Anthropolithen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Andrīas Scheuchzēri — Tschudi (Homo diluvii testis, Sintflutmensch), im Tertiärschiefer von Öningen aufgefundenes und 1726 von Scheuchzer als »Sündflutmensch« beschriebenes Skelett eines Lurches von 1–1,5 m Länge (s. Tafel »Tertiärformation II«), der dem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Andrias Scheuchzeri — Andrĭas Scheuchzēri Tschudi, ein ausgestorbener Riesensalamander, dessen Reste im Öninger Miozänschiefer gefunden wurden; von Scheuchzer 1726 als versteinerter Mensch, Homo diluvii testis (»Zeuge der Sintflut«), beschrieben; jetzt in Haarlem …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Andrias scheuchzeri — Dieser Artikel wurde aufgrund von formalen und/oder inhaltlichen Mängeln in der Qualitätssicherung Biologie zur Verbesserung eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Biologie Artikel auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen. Bitte hilf mit,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrias scheuchzeri —   Andrias scheuchzeri Rango temporal: Mioceno Superior …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrias scheuchzeri — Andrias schleuchzeri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrias scheuchzeri — Ạndrias scheuchzeri,   fossiler Riesensalamander (rd. 1 m lang) aus den miozänen Plattenkalken von Öhningen (Bodensee), von J. J. Scheuchzer 1726 irrtümlich als der Rest eines bei der Sintflut umgekommenen Menschen (»Homo diluvii testis«)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Andrias — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Andrias Andrias japonicus …   Wikipedia Español

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