- Stealth ship
A stealth ship is a
shipwhich employs stealth technologyconstruction techniques in an effort to ensure that it is harder to detect by one or more of radar, visual, sonar, and infrared methods. These techniques borrow from stealth aircrafttechnology, although some aspects such as wake and acoustic signaturereduction are unique to stealth ships' design.
Reduction of radar cross section, visibility and noise is not unique to stealth ships, with visual masking employed for over two centuries and RCS reduction tracing back to American and Soviet ships of the
Cold War. One common feature is the inward-sloping tumblehomehull design that significantly reduces the radar cross-section.
Several surface vessels employ stealth technology, amongst them the Swedish
Visby class corvette, the Dutch Zeven Provinciën class frigate, the Norwegian Skjold class patrol boat, the French La Fayette class frigate, the German MEKOships Braunschweig class corvettes and Sachsen class frigates, the Indian Shivalik class frigate, the Singaporean Formidable class frigatethe British Type 45 destroyer, the U.S. Navy's Zumwalt-class destroyer and Finnish Hamina class missile boats.
The Visby was the first stealth ship to enter service, and is designed to elude visual detection, radar detection, acoustic detection, and infrared detection. Its surface is constructed from a carbon fibre reinforced plastic [ [http://www.kockums.se/SurfaceVessels/visby.html Visby ] ] . Avoidance of right angles in the design results in a smaller radar signature, reducing the ship's detection range.
Britain's Type 45 Anti Air Warfare Destroyer has similarities to the Visby, but is much more conventional, employing traditional steel instead of carbon fibre. Like the Visby, its design reduces the use of right angles.
The currently developed U.S.
Zumwalt class destroyer— or DD(X) — is the US version of a stealth ship. The Sea Shadow, which utilizes both tumblehome and SWATHfeatures, was an early U.S. exploration of stealth ship technology. The Arleigh Burke class also employs stealth technology without being a full stealth ship, similar to the German designs.
In designing a ship with reduced radar signature, the main concerns are radar beams originating near or slightly above the horizon (as seen from the ship) coming from distant patrol aircraft, other ships or sea-skimming
anti-ship missileswith active radar seekers. Therefore, the shape of the ship avoids vertical surfaces, which would perfectly reflect any such beams directly back to the emitter. Retro-reflective right angles are eliminated to avoid causing the "cat's eye" effect. A stealthy ship shape can be achieved by constructing the hull and superstructure with a series of slightly protruding and retruding surfaces. This design was developed by several German shipyards, and is thus extensively applied on ships of the German Navy.
F125 class frigate
Formidable class frigate
*Zeven Provinciën class destroyer
Kolkata class destroyer
Sachsen class frigate(F124) frigate
Brandenburg class frigate(F123) frigate
Braunschweig class corvette
Type 45 destroyer
Type 054 frigate
Type 052C destroyer
*"La Fayette" class frigate
*"Shivalik" class frigate
*"Sa'ar V" class missile boat
*"Visby" class corvette
*"Skjold" class patrol boat
*"Sea Shadow" experimental ship
Valour class frigate
ARC TF Juan Ricardo Oyola VeraColombian patrol ship
Hamina class missile boat
Fridtjof Nansen class frigate
* [http://www.kockums.se/surfacevessels/visby.html Visby]
* [http://peoships.crane.navy.mil/DDG1000/default.htm DDG 1000 information; formerly DD(X)]
* [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NAVY/Project17.html Shivalik class frigate]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/3724219.stm Stealth ships steam ahead] article by Chris Summers on BBC news,
10 June, 2004
* [http://www.military.com/soldiertech/0,14632,Soldiertech_StealthShips,,00.html Ghost ships: the latest in stealth ship technology] article on the website www.military.com
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