Shelled slug

Shelled slug

Taxobox
name = Shelled Slug



image_width = 230px
image_caption = Shelled Slug, "Testacella haliotidea"
status = NE
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Mollusca
classis = Gastropoda
ordo = Pulmonata
familia = Testacellidae
genus = "Testacella"
species = "T. haliotidea"
binomial = "Testacella haliotidea"
binomial_authority = Draparnaud, 1801

The shelled slug,"Testacella haliotidea", is a rarely seen, air-breathing, carnivorous land slug, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Testacellidae, the shelled slugs.

This slug, like others in the family, has a small shell which is situated towards the rear of the animal. The species is called "haliotidea" because the shell of this species resembles in shape a miniature version of the shell of the marine species in the family Haliotidae, the abalones.

Distribution

This species is common along the western Mediterranean, along the European Atlantic coast and throughout Great Britain apart from northern Scotland. This slug occurs in Europe but its distribution is under-recorded there.

It also occurs as an introduced species in southern Australia, New Zealand and North America (where it is called the earshell slug). The distribution data for the United States, (Oregon, Wisconsin) and Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia) are incomplete.

Habitat

This species is seen mostly in the spring, living in cultivated habitats or on disturbed ground. The slug lives mostly underground, but may sometimes be found under stones or in leaf litter.

Description

This is a large, very agile, pale brown slug, with a length of 12 cm. It has a small ear-shaped, external shell, less than l cm long, at the tail end of the mantle.

Life habits

The diet of these slugs consists mainly of earthworms, which are usually attacked and eaten underground. However, in very wet conditions, when earthworms are found on the surface, the slugs may attack them there. The grip of the needlelike teeth of the radula of the slug is so strong that when the earthworm prey retreats to its burrow, the slug is also drawn below the surface, where it continues to eat the worm.

Conservation status

* Not listed in IUCN red list - not evaluated (NE) [2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Cited 3 March 2007.]

References

External links

* [http://www.the-piedpiper.co.uk/th11a(1).htm Casual Intruders] , from which the initial information for this article was taken.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santa Barbara shelled slug — Taxobox name = Santa Barbara shelled slug status = DD | status system = IUCN2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Mollusca classis = Gastropoda ordo = Stylommatophora familia = Arionidae genus = Binneya species = B. notabilis binomial = Binneya… …   Wikipedia

  • Slug — For other uses, see Slug (disambiguation). For marine slugs, see Sea slug. For snails, see Snail. Slug Various species of British …   Wikipedia

  • Testacella — Taxobox name = Testacella image width = 230px image caption = Shelled Slug, Testacella haliotidea status = regnum = Animalia phylum = Mollusca classis = Gastropoda ordo = Pulmonata familia = Testacellidae genus = Testacella genus authority =… …   Wikipedia

  • Binneya — Taxobox name = Binneya regnum = Animalia phylum = Mollusca classis = Gastropoda ordo = Stylommatophora familia = Arionidae genus = Binneya Binneya is a genus of air breathing land slug, a shell less terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family… …   Wikipedia

  • Gastropoda — Gastropod Temporal range: Late Cambrian–Recent[1] …   Wikipedia

  • gastropod — /gas treuh pod /, n. 1. any mollusk of the class Gastropoda, comprising the snails, whelks, slugs, etc. adj. 2. Also, gastropodous /ga strop euh deuhs/. belonging or pertaining to the gastropods. [1820 30; < NL Gast(e)ropoda a class of mollusks.… …   Universalium

  • List of endangered animal species — This is a list of endangered animal species according to the World Conservation Union (IUCN) Red List. The list includes endangered species of the kingdom Animalia. NOTOC A* Acheilognathus elongatus * Acipenser Endangered * Acrocephalus… …   Wikipedia

  • Megamasso — En este artículo sobre música se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Necesita ser wikificado conforme a las convenciones de estilo de Wikipedia. Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. Por …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sacoglossa — Taxobox name = Sacoglossa regnum = Animalia image width = 225px image caption = Oxynoe olivacea , a Mediterranean sacoglossan in the family Oxynoidae phylum = Mollusca classis = Gastropoda subclassis = Orthogastropoda superordo = Heterobranchia… …   Wikipedia

  • reptile — reptilelike, adj. reptiloid /rep tl oyd /, adj. /rep til, tuyl/, n. 1. any cold blooded vertebrate of the class Reptilia, comprising the turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodilians, amphisbaenians, tuatara, and various extinct members including the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”