Acute (medicine)

Acute (medicine)

In medicine, an acute disease is a disease with either or both of:
# a rapid onset;
# a short course (as opposed to a chronic course).

This adjective is part of the definition of several diseases and is, therefore, incorporated in their name, for instance, severe acute respiratory syndrome, acute leukemia.

The term acute may often be confused by the general public to mean 'severe'. This however, is a different characteristic and something can be acute but not severe.

Acute hospitals are those intended for short-term medical and/or surgical treatment and care. The related medical speciality is called acute medicine.

Subacute is defined as between acute and chronic, for example subacute fever symptoms or subacute endocarditis. An example is subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a rare brain disease characterized by diminished intellectual function and loss of nervous function. Chronic is the opposite of acute - meaning a long term condition, for example chronic bronchitis. Chronic may also be confused by the general public to mean severe. Once again, this is a different definition medically and something can be chronic but not severe.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acute medicine — is that part of internal medicine concerned with the immediate and early specialist management of adult patients with a wide range of medical conditions who present in hospital as emergencies. The field developed in the United Kingdom after… …   Wikipedia

  • Acute otitis media — is inflammation of the middle ear. Acute otitis media typically causes fluid in the middle ear accompanied by signs or symptoms of ear infection: a bulging eardrum usually accompanied by pain; or a perforated eardrum, often with drainage of… …   Medical dictionary

  • acute disseminated encephalomyelitis — n an acute disease of the brain and spinal cord with variable symptoms that is thought to be an allergic or immune response following infectious disease or vaccination * * * an acute or subacute encephalomyelitis or myelitis characterized by… …   Medical dictionary

  • acute care — adj providing or concerned with short term medical care esp. for serious acute disease or trauma <acute care hospitals> <an acute care nursing unit> compare chronic care, INTENSIVE CARE acute care n …   Medical dictionary

  • acute lymphoblastic leukemia — n lymphocytic leukemia that is marked by an abnormal increase in the number of lymphoblasts, that is characterized by rapid onset and progression of symptoms which include fever, anemia, pallor, fatigue, appetite loss, bleeding, thrombocytopenia …   Medical dictionary

  • acute abdomen — n an acute internal abdominal condition requiring immediate operation * * * an emergency surgical condition caused by damage to one or more abdominal organs following injury or disease. The patient is in severe pain and often in shock.… …   Medical dictionary

  • acute lymphocytic leukemia — n ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA abbr. ALL * * * acute lymphoblastic l …   Medical dictionary

  • acute pyelonephritis — acute bacterial pyelonephritis, acute suppurative pyelonephritis pyelonephritis of sudden onset characterized by fever, chills, pain in the costovertebral region or flanks, and symptoms of bladder inflammation. Called also acute focal bacterial… …   Medical dictionary

  • acute situational reaction — acute stress reaction a transient, self limiting acute emotional reaction to severe psychological stress; it is variably defined as comprising one or more of the following DSM IV categories: adjustment disorder, brief reactive psychosis, acute… …   Medical dictionary

  • acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis — n a progressive painful disease of the mouth that is marked esp. by dirty gray ulceration of the mucous membranes, spontaneous hemorrhaging of the gums, and a foul odor to the breath and that is associated with the presence of large numbers of… …   Medical dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”