Fluency

Fluency

Fluency (also called volubility and loquaciousness) is the property of a person or of a system that delivers information quickly and with expertise.

peech and Language Pathology

Fluency is a speech and language pathology term that means the smoothness or flow with which sounds, syllables, words and phrases are joined together when speaking quickly. [cite web
url = http://www.muncie.k12.in.us/shsweb/speech%20and%20language%20pathologist.htm
title = Speech-language pathologist
accessdate = 2007-03-28
author = Bruce Harrell
publisher =
] . Fluency disorders is used as a collective term for cluttering and stuttering. Both disorders have breaks in the fluidity of speech, and both have the fluency breakdown of repetition of parts of speech.Fluency disorders are most often complex in nature and they tend to occur more often in boys than in girls [cite web
url = http://www.statped.no/moduler/templates/Module_Overview.aspx?id=28707
title = Fluency Disorders
accessdate = 2007-03-28
author =
publisher = StatPedbitch
] .

Language fluency

Language fluency is proficiency in a language, most typically foreign language or another learned language. In this sense, "fluency" actually encompasses a number of related but separable skills:

* Reading: the ability to easily read and understand texts written in the language;
* Writing: the ability to formulate written texts in the language;
* Comprehension: the ability to follow and understand speech in the language;
* Speaking: the ability to speak in the language and be understood by its speakers.

To some extent, these skills can be separately acquired. Generally, the later in life a learner approaches the study of a foreign language, the harder it is to acquire auditory comprehension and fluent speaking skills. Reading and writing a foreign language are skills that can be acquired more easily after the primary language acquisition period of youth is over, however.

Reading fluency

Reading fluency is often confused with fluency with a language (see above). Reading fluency is the ability to read text accurately and quickly. Fluency bridges word decoding and comprehension. Comprehension is understanding what has been read. Fluency is a set of skills that allows readers to rapidly decode text while maintaining high comprehension (National Reading Panel, 2001).

A first benchmark for fluency is being able to "sight read" some words. The idea is that children will recognize at sight the most common words in the written form of their native language and that instant reading of these words will allow them to read and understand text more quickly.

As children learn to read, the speed at which they read becomes an important measure.

(National Reading Panel, Teaching Children to Read: An Evidence-Based Assessment of the Scientific Research Literature on Reading and Its Implications for Reading Instruction--Reports of the Subgroups. A complete copy of the NRP report can be read, downloaded, or ordered at no cost from the NRP website at www.nationalreadingpanel.org.)

ee also

* Linguistics
* Precision teaching
* Speech disfluencies
* Speech and language pathology

References


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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fluency — Flu en*cy, n. [L. fluentia: cf. F. fluence. See {Fluent}.] The quality of being fluent; smoothness; readiness of utterance; volubility. [1913 Webster] The art of expressing with fluency and perspicuity. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fluency — [flo͞o′ən sē] n. 〚LL fluentia < L fluens: see FLUENT〛 the quality or condition of being fluent, esp. in speech or writing * * * See fluent. * * * …   Universalium

  • fluency — index facility (easiness), parlance, skill Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • fluency — (n.) 1620s, abundance, later smooth and easy flow (1630s), from FLUENT (Cf. fluent) + CY (Cf. cy). Replaced earlier fluence (c.1600) …   Etymology dictionary

  • fluency — [flo͞o′ən sē] n. [LL fluentia < L fluens: see FLUENT] the quality or condition of being fluent, esp. in speech or writing …   English World dictionary

  • fluency — n. 1) to acquire fluency 2) to demonstrate, display fluency 3) fluency in (fluency in a foreign language) 4) fluency to + inf. (she has enough fluency to order a meal in English) * * * [ fluːənsɪ] display fluency to acquire fluency to demonstrate …   Combinatory dictionary

  • fluency — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ oral, verbal ▪ reading VERB + FLUENCY ▪ achieve, acquire, develop ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • fluency — UK [ˈfluːənsɪ] / US [ˈfluənsɪ] noun [singular/uncountable] 1) the ability to speak a foreign language very well The job requires fluency in Spanish. 2) a clear and confident way of expressing yourself without seeming to make an effort He writes… …   English dictionary

  • fluency — fluent ► ADJECTIVE 1) speaking or writing in an articulate and natural manner. 2) (of a language) used easily and accurately. 3) smoothly graceful and easy: a runner in fluent motion. 4) able to flow freely; fluid. DERIVATIVES fluency noun… …   English terms dictionary

  • fluency — noun Date: 1636 the quality or state of being fluent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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