- Breda 38
name=Breda Modello 38
origin=flagicon|Italy|1861 Kingdom of Italy
used_by=Kingdom of Italy
World War II
Breda Meccanica Bresciana
weight=33 7/8 lbs
length=35 1/2 in
8x59mm RB Breda
feed=24-round vertical box magazine
The Breda 38 was an Italian tank-pattern
machine gunused in World War II. It was able to fit on the available tanks: the 6 1/2-ton Light (1940), the 11-ton Medium (1939), and the 13-ton Medium (1940).
The Italians have also adapted it for use as an infantry machine gun. For this purpose the gun is mounted on a machine-gun tripod (as shown in an accompanying sketch) by means of an adapter, and is fitted with a temporary rear sight on the right of the body and a temporary front sight on the right of the barrel at the muzzle. These temporary open sights take the place of the optical sight used when the gun is tank-mounted.
The gun is air-cooled, gas-operated, and magazine-fed, and has a quick-change barrel. Its operational features are simple, and it is extremely easy to field-strip or disassemble completely. The barrel is sufficiently heavy (9 7/8 pounds) to enable it to fire a large number of rounds in quick succession without overheating.
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