Blackness is the degree to which an individual, regardless of their ethnic background, is sympathetic to or a part of the mainstream
African-Americanculture. A person may be thought of as "losing their blackness" by not adhering to the mainstream thoughts of the African-American community.
Former US President
Bill Clinton, despite being Caucasian, has been called "the first Black president." [ [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/clinton/morrison.html Clinton as the first black president] " The New Yorker", Morrison, Toni, 1998, October] Debra Dickerson, while speaking to Stephen Colberton " The Colbert Report" ( February 8, 2007), stated that U.S. Senator Barack Obama, despite having a father of Kenyan descent, was not black because he had not lived and suffered the same way as the offspring of African-American slaves. Dickerson even fell short of calling Obama an African-American, instead referring to him as Ivan.
* "The concept of 'blackness,' as it has come to be understood, is rapidly losing its ability to describe, let alone predict or manipulate, the political and social behavior of Black Americans." - Debra Dickerson, The End of Blackness (Pantheon Books, 2004)
Black is Beautiful
* [http://home.sprynet.com/~inniss/afrofram.htm Pat Inniss Website on African-American culture]
* [http://www.slate.com/id/2116449/ "A Roshanda by Any Other Name, How do babies with super-black names fare?", Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, Slate.com, April 11, 2005]
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