Kōsa

Kōsa

nihongo|Kōsa|光佐|extra=1543 - 1592, also known as Hongan-ji Kennyo (本願寺 顕如), was the 11th head of the Hongan-ji in Kyoto, and Chief Abbot of Ishiyama Hongan-ji, cathedral fortress of the Ikkō-ikki, during its siege at the end of the Sengoku Period. He engineered many alliances, and organized the defenses of the cathedral to the point that most at the time considered Ishiyama Hongan-ji to be unbreachable.

In 1570, Takeda Shingen, a relative of Kōsa through marriage, faced not one but three major rivals: Oda Nobunaga, Tokugawa Ieyasu, and Uesugi Kenshin. He asked the Abbot for aid, and Kōsa persuaded the Ikkō sectarians (also called Monto) in Kaga Province to rise up against Uesugi Kenshin. Several years later, after the death of Takeda Shingen, Kōsa secured the aid of the Mōri clan in fighting Oda Nobunaga and defending the Hongan-ji's supply lines from blockade.

Oda Nobunaga's Siege of Ishiyama Hongan-ji began in 1570, and would be the longest siege in Japanese history. In accordance with Kōsa's strategic organization of the defenses and alliances, the fortress was all but impervious to attack, and the Mōri clan fleet defended the supply lines for some time. Kōsa (and the Mōri) requested aid from both Takeda Katsuyori (son of Shingen) and Uesugi Kenshin, as well as the Ikkō armies of other provinces, to attack Nobunaga, relieving the siege. But neither Takeda nor Uesugi answered his call. When Nobunaga attacked the fortress with 3,000 troops, the monks answered with 15,000; Nobunaga then, in 1577, turned to attacking Kōsa's allies, the Asakura, Uesugi, and Azai clans as well as other outposts of Ikkō-ikki monks. The Abbot wrote a desperate letter to Ikko followers in Musashi and Sagami Provinces, asking them to stand fast, and to send supplies and reinforcements. The fortress' supplies were nearly exhausted, and their outposts were nearly all destroyed by 1580. Nobunaga ordered the Abbot to evacuate the fortress, and to leave Osaka. Kōsa deliberated with his allies, particularly the Mōri, and then left for Kii Province, hoping to raise reinforcements. He left his son in charge of the fortress, who surrendered after an Imperial Messenger arrived with an official request from the Emperor that he do so. Despite this incredible defeat, Kōsa remained devoted to the Ikko sect, and to the idea of regaining a central cathedral fortress for the sect. He began to enlist the help of Ikko sectarians to aid Toyotomi Hideyoshi, in order to gain Hideyoshi's favor. In 1583, Kōsa sent Ikko warriors to harass Hideyoshi's enemy Shibata Katsuie, and in 1587 he sent messengers to Kyushu, asking Ikko leaders there to act as guides for Hideyoshi's army in Satsuma Province. In 1589, Hideyoshi granted Kōsa his wish for a new Hongan-ji. The site was the shrine to the patriarch Shinran, in Kyoto; it was moved in 1591, and is now known as the Nishi Hongan-ji.

Popular Culture

See People of the Sengoku period in popular culture.

References

*Sansom, George (1961). "A History of Japan: 1334-1615." Stanford: Stanford University Press.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kōsa — (光佐, Kōsa? 1543 1592), también conocido como Hongan ji Kennyo (本願寺 顕如), fue el undécimo líder del templo Hongan ji en Kioto, y abad del Ishiyama Hongan ji, abadía y fotraleza de los Ikkō ikki, muchedumbres de monjes guerreros y campesinos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kósa — kann sich beziehen auf Ádám Kósa (* 1975), ungarischer Politiker György Kósa (1897–1984), ungarischer Komponist Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kosa — Kosa, 1) (a. Geogr.), Stadt der Tabasi in India intra Gangem; Diamantengruben; jetzt Cottay; 2) (n. Geogr.), Nebenfluß des Ganges; 3) Nebenfluß des Kama …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kósa —   [ koːʃɔ], Ferenc, ungarischer Filmregisseur, * Nyíregyháza 1937; drehte nach Kurzfilmen ab 1967 Spielfilme mit ausdrucksstarken Bildern.   Filme: Schneefall (1974); Das Match (1980); Guernica (1982); Der andere Mensch (1988, ungarisch) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • kosa — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ib, CMc. kosasie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} narzędzie rolnicze składające się z długiego zakrzywionego stalowego ostrza osadzonego na drewnianym drzewcu; służy do ręcznego ścinania… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • KOSA-TV — Infobox Broadcast call letters = KOSA TV city = station station slogan = Your Eye on West Texas station branding = CBS 7 MyTV 16 analog = 7 (VHF) digital = 31 (UHF) other chs = affiliations = CBS MyNetworkTV (DT 7.2) network = founded = airdate …   Wikipedia

  • kosa — kòsa1 ž <N mn kȍse razg.> DEFINICIJA vlasi na glavi čovjeka SINTAGMA plava kosa kosa svijetle, žute boje; blond; jaka, bujna kosa opr. slaba, rijetka kosa FRAZEOLOGIJA kosa mi se diže na glavi uzrujao sam se, uzbudio, prestrašio (osjećaj… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • kosa — kòsa2 ž DEFINICIJA ukrivljen dug nož na držalu, oruđe kojim se, držeći ga s obje ruke, kosi trava, korov itd. FRAZEOLOGIJA došla kosa do kamena dalje se ne može, mjera se napunila, dalje ne ide; namjerila se kosa na brus suočila su se dva tvrda i …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • kosa — sif. 1. Üzündə tük bitməyən, yaxud seyrək tük bitən. Hacı Qəvamın sağ tərəfini uzunboylu, arıq və kosa Kərbəlayı Fəraməz tutmuşdu. T. Ş. S.. <Gülzar:> Kosa Rəhim qoşulub o uzunqılça Mansura, Mansur da ona. İ. Hüseynov. // İs. mənasında.… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • kosa — ż IV, CMs. kosasie; lm D. kos 1. «ręczne narzędzie rolnicze do ścinania zboża i trawy, składające się z długiego, lekko zakrzywionego ostrza, osadzonego na drzewcu; z ostrzem osadzonym na sztorc używana dawniej jako broń sieczna» Ciąć, ścinać… …   Słownik języka polskiego

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”