Comprehensive Plan of Action

Comprehensive Plan of Action

The Comprehensive Plan of Action (CPA) is a program, adopted in June, 1989 at a conference in Geneva held by The Steering Committee of the International Conference on Indo-Chinese Refugees, which was designed to deter and to stop the continuing influx of Indochinese boat people and to cope with an increasing reluctance by third countries to maintain resettlement opportunities for every Vietnamese or Laotian exile, with the threat of countries of first asylum in Southeast Asia to push-backs the asylum seekers.

Outline of plan

By changing UNHCR policy toward the Boat people. Those who arrived at the camps after the so-called cut-off dates as follows:

  • Hong Kong June 16, 1988
  • Malaysia March 14, 1989
  • Thailand March 14, 1989
  • Philippines March 14, 1989
  • Indonesia March 17, 1989

would no longer automatically be considered as prima facie refugees, but only asylum seekers and would have to be screened to qualify for refugee status (Screening procedure or procedure to determine refugee status). Those who were screened-out would be sent back to Vietnam and Laos, under an orderly and monitored repatriation program.

When the Steering Committee first met, in 1989, hundreds of thousands of people were escaping out of Viet Nam and Laos by land and boat. Faced with the continuing exodus, and increasing reluctance by third countries to maintain resettlement opportunities for every exile, countries of first asylum in South-East Asia threatened push-backs of the asylum seekers.

The Conference on Indo-Chinese Refugees wanted Viet Nam and the Lao People's Democratic Republic to be involved in the solution for this problem, as well as first-asylum countries, (Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, HongKong, Thailand) and resettlement countries, to share responsibility for the asylum seekers and guarantee asylum to all refugees.

The Conference also demanded that every asylum seeker would receive refuge in first-asylum countries and not be pushed back, when the process of determination of his or her refugee claim was pending. Screening procedures (or procedure to determine refugee status) were adopted to examine every individual's claim to refugee status. Recognized refugees were to receive resettlement opportunities. Rejected asylum seekers were to return to their home counties, whose governments agreed to refrain from any discrimination, harassment, persecution or unfair treatment.

Under the Plan, the UNHCR provided humanitarian assistance to the asylum seekers and countries of first asylum. Extensive monitoring procedures were also established in the countries of origin, and financial assistance was provided to the returnees and to the communities which agreed to accept them back.

After 7 years, the plan was declared ended on March 6, 1996. At that time, all the refugee camps for Indochinese boat people in South East Asia were effectively closed.

See also

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна помощь с курсовой?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • plan — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun 1 for future ADJECTIVE ▪ ambitious, audacious, grand, grandiose ▪ The government has ambitious plans for prison reform. ▪ future ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • Plan B 2.0 — Infobox Book name = Plan B 2.0 title orig = translator = image caption = author = Lester R. Brown illustrator = cover artist = country = language = English series = subject = genre = publisher = release date = 2006 english release date = media… …   Wikipedia

  • plan# — plan n Plan, design, plot, scheme, project, as nouns, denote a proposed method of doing or making something or of achieving a given end, and as verbs, to devise such a method. Plan, in its widest sense, regularly implies mental formulation of the …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Comprehensive campaign — A comprehensive campaign is labor union organizing or a collective bargaining campaign with a heavy focus on research, the use of community coalition building, publicity and public pressure, political and regulatory pressure, and economic and… …   Wikipedia

  • Plan Paulson — Immeuble abritant le Département du Trésor des États Unis Le Plan Paulson, ou TARP[note 1], est l une des mesures mises en place par les États Unis à partir de septembre 2008 pour faire face à la crise financière de 2008, elle même enfantée par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 — …   Wikipedia

  • Marketing plan — A marketing plan may be part of an overall business plan. Solid marketing strategy is the foundation of a well written marketing plan. While a marketing plan contains a list of actions, a marketing plan without a sound strategic foundation is of… …   Wikipedia

  • Annan Plan for Cyprus — The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to resolve the Cyprus dispute, reuniting the breakaway Northern Cyprus with the Republic of Cyprus. The proposal was to restructure Cyprus as the United Cyprus Republic , which would be a federation of …   Wikipedia

  • Chicago Central Area Transit Plan — The Chicago Central Area Transit Plan, or generally referred to as the Chicago Central Area Transit Project (CCATP) in the 1970s, was an extensive study of the rapid transit system in downtown Chicago; the study had begun in 1965. In April 1968,… …   Wikipedia

  • A Responsible Plan to End the War in Iraq — is a 36 page plan created by a group of United States Democratic congressional candidates, retired military officers and national security professionals that outlines policy measures (consisting of bills currently before the United States… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”