Plukenetia volubilis

Plukenetia volubilis

Articleissues
wikify=January 2008
expert=January 2008
cleanup=January 2008

Taxobox


image_caption =
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Malpighiales
familia = Euphorbiaceae
subfamilia = Acalyphoideae
tribus = Plukenetieae
subtribus = Plukenetiinae
genus = "Plukenetia"
species = "P. volubilis"
binomial = "Plukenetia volubilis"
binomial_authority = L.

"Plukenetia volubilis", commonly known as Sacha Inchi, Sacha Peanut, or Inca-Peanut, is a perennial plant semileñosa and of the family of Euphorbiaceae. It is native to the Amazon Rainforest, cultivated by indigenous people for centuries, fits in warmer climates or means to 1,700 meters As long as there continued availability of water and good drainage. It grows better in acidic soils, frank and alluvial flats near rivers.

It reaches a height of 2 m. Their leaves are alternate, heart shaped, with jagged edges, 10 to 12 cm long and 8 to 10 cm wide, with peciolos of 2-6 cm long. It flowers five months after being planted, and bears seeds around the eighth month. The male flowers are small, white, and arranged in clusters. On the basis of cluster and laterally, there is a two female flowers.

The fruits are capsules of 3 to 5 cm in diameter with 4 to 7 points, are green and ripen blackish brown. It usually consists of four lobes, but some presents five and even seven. Inside are the seeds, oval, dark-brown, 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter and 45 to 100 grams of weight. At the cotyledons are open to ways of almonds and covered with a whitish film.

The seeds of inchi have high protein content (33%) and oil (49%). Its oil is one of the largest plant sources of Omega, an essential fatty acid for human life. It contains Omega 3 (48%), Omega 6 (36%), Omega 9 (9%), protein (33%) and antioxidants (50%). They are also rich in iodine and vitamin A and vitamin E.

Modern Uses

Sacha Inchi oil production is increasing in the Peruvian Amazon and is gaining international recognition for its taste and health properties. In June 2007, Sacha Inchi oil won the Médalle D'or (Gold Medal) at the AVPA [http://en.specialtycommodities.org/huile.php] Specialty Foods Commodities competition. Sacha Inchi has been called a super food because of its high content of Omega's. The oil has a mild flavour, not bitter, with a nutty finish. With new research emphasizing the health benefits of Omega fatty acids, interest in sustainable sources of Omega is increasing. Fish is a source of Omega fatty acid, but overfishing is driving the search for other sources of Omega fatty acids. Sacha Inchi oil is used in vegetarian diets to provide a plant source for Omega-3 fatty acids.

External references

*Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis, Euphorbiaceae): A Promising Oilseed Crop from Peruvian Amazon [http://www.tropentag.de/2007/abstracts/links/Krivankova_NnQmCSMU.pdf]
*Biodiversity International: Species Database [http://www.bioversityinternational.org/Information_Sources/Species_Databases/New_World_Fruits_Database/qryall3.asp?intIDSpecies=1380]
*USDA Agricultural Research Service Taxonomy [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl?Plukenetia%20volubilis]
*The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project [http://internt.nhm.ac.uk/jdsml/research-curation/projects/linnaean-typification/detail.dsml?ID=685600&listPageURL=list%2edsml%3fVarqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CVarqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CGenusqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CSpeciesqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26Species%3dvolubilis%26sort%3dGenus%252cSpecies%26Speciesqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26Genus%3dPlukenetia%26Genusqtype%3dstarts%2bwith%26CSspqtype%3dstarts%2bwith]
*Guillen D. Maria, et al. Characterization of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubi L.) by FTIR Spectroscopy and 1H NMR. Comparison with Linseed Oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 2003.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plukenetia volubilis —   Inchi Plukenetia volubilis, creciendo en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Plukenetia volubilis — valgomoji plukenetija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Karpažolinių šeimos augalas (Plukenetia volubilis), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje. Jo sėklos valgomos. atitikmenys: lot. Plukenetia volubilis isp. supua ryšiai: susijęs terminas –… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Plukenetia — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots …   Wikipedia

  • Plukenetia — Para otros usos de este término, véase Vigia.   Plukenetia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Plukenetieae —   Plukenetieae Plukenetia volubilis …   Wikipedia Español

  • Omega-3-Fettsäuren — Beispiel: Strukturformel der α Linolensäure, links Carboxygruppe (COOH), rechts das (ω) C Atom …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • valgomoji plukenetija — statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Karpažolinių šeimos augalas (Plukenetia volubilis), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje. Jo sėklos valgomos. atitikmenys: lot. Plukenetia volubilis isp. supua ryšiai: susijęs terminas – plukenetijos šaltinis Valstybinės …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • List of vegetable oils — Plant oils Olive oil Types Vegetable fats (list) Macerated (list) Uses …   Wikipedia

  • Vegetarianismo — Algunos alimentos de una dieta vegetariana. El vegetarianismo, también conocido en ocasiones como vegetarismo,[1] es el régimen alimentario que tiene como principio la abstención de carne. La dieta vegetariana no puede contemplarse sólo en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iquitos — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”