- Folsom point
Folsom points are a distinct form of chipped stone
projectile points associated with the Folsom Traditionof North America.
The style of toolmaking was named for
Folsom, New Mexicowhere the first sample was found within the bone structure of a bison in 1927 [ [http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/expeditions/treasure_fossil/Treasures/Folsom_Point/point.html?50 American Museum of Natural History] ] .
The points are bifacially worked (shaped equally on both sides) and have a symmetrical, leaf-like shape with a concave base and wide, shallow grooves running almost the entire length of the point. The edges are finely worked. The characteristic groove, known as
fluting, may have served to aid haftingto a wooden spear shaft or dart or perhaps to improve penetration of the target. The fluting may also have been a stylistic element or have had some symbolic purpose. The fluting required great technical ability to effect, and it took archaeologists many years of experimentation to replicate it.
Folsom points are found widely across North America and are dated to the period between 9500 BC and 8000 BC. The discovery of these artifacts in the early 20th century raised questions about when the first humans arrived in North America. The prevailing idea of a time depth of about 3,000 years was clearly mistaken. In 1932, an even earlier style of projectile point was found, Clovis, dating back to 13,500 years ago. Clovis points have been found "in situ" in association with mammoth skeletons [ [http://www.sangres.com/history/firstamericans.htm Sangres] ] .
Great Plainsarea, Folsom points were replaced over time by Plano points of the various Plano cultures[ [http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/assoc/oas/points/madina.html Ontario Archaeological Society] ] .
*cite book |title= The Great Taos Bank Robbery and Other Indian Country Affairs |last= Hillerman |first= Anthony G. |authorlink= Tony Hillerman |year= 1973 |publisher= University of New Mexico Press |isbn= 0-8263-0306-4|chapter= The Hunt for the Lost American republished in cite book |title= The Great Taos Bank Robbery and Other Indian Country Affairs |year= 1997 |month= May |publisher= Harper Paperbacks |location= New York |isbn= 0-06-101173-8
* [http://www.sdsmt.edu/wwwsarc/collectn/stone/folsom.html Folsom points]
* [http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/expeditions/treasure_fossil/Treasures/Folsom_Point/point.html?cults American Museum of Natural History--Folsom Point]
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