- Yellow Springs, Ohio
Yellow Springs is a village in Greene County,
Ohio, United States, and is the home of Antioch College. The population was 3,761 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Yellow Springs is served by a branch of the
Greene County Public Library.
Yellow Springs is located at coor dms|39|48|6|N|83|53|34|W|city (39.801723, -83.892662)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km²), all of it land.
The village takes its name from a natural spring located in nearby Glen Helen Preserve which is rich in
iron ore, leaving a yellowish-orange coloring on the rocks. The spring was thought to have curative properties and spas and hotels were built nearby.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,761 people, 1,587 households, and 896 families residing in the village. The population densitywas 1,981.3 people per square mile (764.3/km²). There were 1,676 housing units at an average density of 882.9/sq mi (340.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 76.58% White, 14.97% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 5.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.
There were 1,587 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.5% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.73.
In the village the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 80.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $51,984, and the median income for a family was $67,857. Males had a median income of $41,875 versus $37,744 for females. The
per capita incomefor the village was $27,062. About 7.3% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
The village was founded in 1825 by approximately 100 families, followers of
Robert Owen, who wanted to emulate the utopiancommunity at New Harmony, Indiana. The communitarianefforts dissolved due to internal conflicts. The Little Miami Railroad was completed in 1846 and brought increased commerce, inhabitants, and tourism.
Yellow Springs was one of the final stops on the
Underground Railroadand the village was known for its racial tolerance. Wheeling Gaunt, a former slave who purchased his own freedom, came to Yellow Springs in the 1860s and owned a substantial amount of land upon his death in 1894. Gaunt bequeathed to the village a large piece of land on the Western side of the village, requesting that the rent be used to buy flour for the "poor and worthy widows" of Yellow Springs. Although the land was used to create Gaunt Park, and thus does not generate rent, the village expanded the request to include sugar and still delivers flour and sugar to the village's widows at Christmastime, a tradition that generates annual media coverage.] Arthur E. Morganwas the innovative president of Antioch College who implemented a much-imitated work-study program for students. An engineer by training, Morgan became head of the Tennessee Valley Authorityin Franklin D. Roosevelt's Administration. Upon his return to Yellow Springs, Morgan was a key leader of Quakerintentional community developments in Ohio and North Carolina.
In 1979, Yellow Springs held the distinction of being the smallest municipality to pass an ordinance prohibiting
discriminationbased on sexual orientation.cite web |title=Workplace Discrimination |last=Johnson |first=Gregory A. |url=http://www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/workplace_discrimination.html |work= glbtq.com|accessdate=2007-08-11] cite web |format=PDF |url=http://www.thataway.org/exchange/files/docs/glbt_civil_rights_laws.PDF |title=Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Civil Rights Laws In the U.S. |publisher=The Policy Institute of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force|date=August 1998 |accessdate=2007-08-11]
Yellow Springs is the home of radio station
WYSO, which is an affiliate of National Public Radiolicensed to the Board of Trustees of Antioch University.
Local news and events are covered by an independent weekly newspaper, the [http://www.ysnews.com/ "Yellow Springs News"] .
Arnold Adoff, poet & author
Cindy Blackman, jazz/rock drummer (former resident)
Dave Chappelle, American comedian & actor
Steve Curwood, author and public radio personality (former resident)
Mike Dewine, former US Senator (attended YS schools)
Richie Furay, musician (former resident)
Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist (attended Antioch College)
Virginia Hamilton, children's author
* Anne Harris, musician and actor (former resident)
Eleanor Holmes Norton, Congresswoman (attended Antioch College)
Ralph Keyes, writer
Coretta Scott King, human rights activist, wife of Martin Luther King, Jr., (attended Antioch College)
John Lithgow, actor (former resident)
Horace Mann, educator (Antioch president 1853-1859)
Rod Serling, creator of "The Twilight Zone" (attended Antioch College)
Robert Freeman Wexler, writer of surreal fiction
Peter Rodney Llewellyn, international conman (former resident)
Samuel Borchers, track star at Penn State
Young's Jersey Dairy, a working dairy farm/ice cream parlor [http://www.youngsdairy.com/]
Glen Helen Nature Preserve
* Little Miami Scenic Trail
* [http://www.ohiodnr.com/parks/parks/jhnbryan.htm/# John Bryan State Park]
* [http://www.yso.com Official Government Web site]
* [http://www.yellowspringsohio.org/ Chamber of Commerce Web Site]
* [http://www.yso.com/visitors/treemap3.pdf Map of Yellow Springs OH]
* [http://www.ysnews.com Yellow Springs News Website]
* [http://www.glenhelen.org/ Glen Helen Ecology Institute]
* [http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/morgan.html Arthur E. Morgan]
* [http://www.greenelibrary.info/Branches/Yellow-Springs-Community-Library.html Yellow Springs branch of the Greene Country Public Library]
* [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2197&nm=Yellow-Springs Yellow Springs-Ohio History Central]
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