Stylonychia

Stylonychia

Taxobox
color = #c2b0c4
name = "Stylonychia"


domain = Eukaryota
unranked_phylum = Alveolata
phylum = Ciliophora
classis = Spirotrichea
ordo = Sporadotrichida
familia = Oxytrichidae
genus = "Stylonychia"
genus_authority = Ehrenberg, 1830

"Stylonychia" is a genus of ciliate, included among the stichotrichs. It is very common in fresh water and soil, found on filamentous algae, surface films, and among particles of sediment. Like its relatives, "Stylonychia" has cilia grouped into membranelles alongside the mouth and cirri over the body. It is distinguished partly by long cirri at the posterior, usually a cluster of three.

The stylonychia is oval in shape when viewed from the top, and it is notable for its incessant activity and rapid movement. It, like the paramecium and blepharisma, is a ciliate (having short hair like extensions). The cilia of stylonychia are more highly specialized and not freely distributed over its body. The cilia along the edge of the ventral surface seem to be tufts of cilia fused together and are used very much like legs allowing the animal to move with a walking motion. Longer fused cilia form stylus-like protrusions at both ends of its body. Another set of specialized cilia beat the water and sweep bacteria and other microorganisms into its oral cavity.

References

External links

* [http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=46786|Taxonomy at ITIS.gov]
* [http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/moviegallery/pondscum/protozoa/stylonychia/index.html|Movies at Molecular Expressions]
* [http://protist.i.hosei.ac.jp/PDB/Images/Ciliophora/Stylonychia/index.html|Images at Protist Information Server]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stylonychia —   [griechisch], einheimische Gattung der Wimpertierchen, deren Vertreter in allen Gewässertypen sowie in Heuaufgüssen vorkommen. Das Muscheltierchen (Waffentierchen, Stylonychia mytilus) ist die häufigste Art; es gehört zu den wenigen Einzellern …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stylonychia — Stylonychia. Род брюхореснитчатых инфузорий, обычно населяющих пресные водоемы; включают по 2 макронуклеуса <macronucleus>, которые способны проходить серию циклов эндоредупликации <endoreduplication> с образованием гигантских… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Stylonychĭa — (Muscheltierchen), s. Infusorien, S. 828 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stylonychia pustulata — Waffentierchen Systematik Stamm: Wimpertierchen (Ciliophora) Unterstamm: Intramacronucleata Klasse: Spirotrichea Unterklasse: Stichotrichia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stylonychia — noun A type of ciliate whose cilia are grouped into cirri. Classification: kingdom: Protista, superphylum: Alveolata, phylum: Ciliophora …   Wiktionary

  • stylonychia — sty·lo·nych·ia …   English syllables

  • stylonychia — ˌstīləˈnikēə noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from styl (I) + onych + ia : a common genus of marine and freshwater, ovoid or reniform, hypotrichous ciliates related to Oxytricha and distinguished by long well developed caudal cirri …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stylonychia mytilus — Large ciliate protozoan of the Order Hypotrichida, that has compound cilia (cirri) that can be used for walking or swimming …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Ciliaten — Wimpertierchen Systematik Klassifikation: Lebewesen Domäne: Eukaryoten (Eucaryota) ohne Rang: Chromalveolata ohne Rang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ciliophora — Wimpertierchen Systematik Klassifikation: Lebewesen Domäne: Eukaryoten (Eucaryota) ohne Rang: Chromalveolata ohne Rang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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