Scientific technique

Scientific technique

A scientific technique is any systematic method to obtain information of a scientific nature or to obtain a desired material or product.

Scientific techniques can be divided in many different groups, e.g.:

# Preparative techniques
## Synthesis techniques, e.g. the use of Grignard reagents in organic chemistry
## Growth techniques, e.g. crystal growth or cell cultures in biology
## Purification tehcniques e.g. those in chemistry
# Measurement techniques
## Analysis techniques, e.g. ones that reveal atomic or molecular composition.
## Characterization techniques, e.g. ones that measure a certain property of a material.
## Imaging techniques, e.g. microscopy


In many cases these methods have evolved into instrumental techniques that require expensive equipment. This is particularly true in sciences like physics, chemistry, astronomy etc. It is customary to abbreviate the names of techniques into acronyms, although this does not hold for all of them. Particularly the advent of the computer has led to a true proliferation in the number of techniques to the point that few scientists still have a good overview over all that is available. See e.g. the list of materials analysis methods and .

ee also

Protocol (natural sciences)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Technique — A technique is a procedure used to accomplish a specific activity or task: * Technology, the study of or a collection of techniques *Skill, the ability to perform a task * Scientific technique, any systematic method to obtain information of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Scientific racism — denotes the use of scientific, or ostensibly scientific, findings and methods to support or validate racist attitudes and worldviews. It is based on belief in the existence and significance of racial categories, but extends this into a hierarchy… …   Wikipedia

  • Scientific data archiving — refers to the long term storage of scientific data and methods. The various scientific journals have differing policies regarding how much of their data and methods scientists are required to store in a public archive, and what is actually… …   Wikipedia

  • technique - technology — ◊ technique A technique is a method of doing something. ...the techniques of film making. ...modern management techniques. Technique is skill and ability which you develop through training and practice. He could not possibly …   Useful english dictionary

  • technique — [tek nēk′] n. [Fr < Gr technikos: see TECHNIC] 1. the method of procedure (with reference to practical or formal details), or way of using basic skills, in rendering an artistic work or carrying out a scientific or mechanical operation 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Scientific theories regarding acupuncture — Scientific studies have been conducted concerning the hypothesized principles underlying the proposed mechanism of action of acupuncture. Nerve reflex theoryThe nerve reflex theory (developed by Ishikawa and Fujita et al. in the 1950s) proposed… …   Wikipedia

  • technique — ► NOUN 1) a way of carrying out a particular task, especially the execution of an artistic work or a scientific procedure. 2) a procedure that is effective in achieving an aim. ORIGIN French, from Greek tekhn art …   English terms dictionary

  • Scientific method — …   Wikipedia

  • Scientific visualization — A scientific visualization of an extremely large simulation of a Rayleigh–Taylor instability caused by two mixing fluids.[1] Scientific visualization (also spelled scientific visualisation) is an interdisciplinary branch of science according to… …   Wikipedia

  • Scientific research in Canada — This article outlines the history of natural scientific research in Canada including, mathematics, physics, astronomy, space science, geology, oceanography, chemistry, biology, medical research and psychology. The social sciences are not treated… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”