- Lutheran Book of Worship
Lutheran Book of Worship is a
hymnal and prayerbook used by several Lutheran denominations in North America. It is often referred to by its initials as the LBW, and in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Americathe LBW is sometimes called the "green book" as opposed to "With One Voice", a blue-covered supplement, or previous versions of the Lutheran Hymnal, bound in red and blue.
When Lutheran churches were first established in North America, the immigrants from
Germany, Sweden, Norway, Finland, and other non-English speaking countries retained services in their native languages. However, as the children and grandchildren of these immigrants began speaking English in their everyday lives and the various Lutheran denominations began uniting, many felt that the North American Lutheran churches needed a common English-language liturgyand hymns. Although the eighteenth-century missionary Henry Melchior Muhlenberg had hoped for the day when Lutherans would be "one church [with] one book," it was not until the 1888 "Common Service" that a majority of English-speaking Lutherans in North America began to use the same texts for worship, albeit with minor adaptations. (Senn, 584-591). The "Common Liturgy" included in the 1958 Service Book and Hymnalwas a major revision of the "Common Service," and introduced a Eucharistic Prayer into American Lutheran usage. It was not officially adopted by the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, though some congregations use it. "Culto Cristiano", a 1964 service book, attempted to offer a unified liturgy for Spanish-speaking Lutherans.
The project that began publication of the "LBW" started in
1965when the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod(LCMS) invited other North American Lutheran denominations to join it in work to a common service book. In addition to the LCMS, the Lutheran Church in America, the American Lutheran Church, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Canada formed the Inter-Lutheran Commission on Worship to undertake this project. The commission conducted its work through questionnaires, test programs, conferences, and dialogs. The "LBW" was finally published in 1978. The LCMS pulled out of the ILCW just prior to the publication of the "LBW", but its name still appears on the title page. The LCMS published their own hymnal, " Lutheran Worship", in 1982. Although the "LW" liturgies are very similar to those in the "LBW", they lack the option for a Eucharistic Prayer.
While it is in its twenty-seventh printing and used by the ELCA and the ELCIC, the book was replaced in October 2006 as the primary worship resource in the two denominations by "
Evangelical Lutheran Worship".
*"Lutheran Book of Worship" published by
Augsburg FortressISBN 0-8006-3330-X
*"With One Voice" published by
Augsburg FortressISBN 0-8066-0051-9
*Senn, Frank C. "Christian Liturgy: Catholic and Evangelical" published by Augsburg-Fortress, 1997. ISBN 0-8006-2726-1
*Ralph R. Van Loon, editor. "Encountering God: The Legacy of Lutheran Book of Worship" published by Kirk House Publishers, 1998. 1-886513-15-5
*Ralph W. Quere. "In the Context of Unity: A History of the Development of Lutheran Book of Worship" published by Lutheran University Press, 2003. 1-932688-00-5
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