Grand Ayatollah Abdullah Shirazi

Grand Ayatollah Abdullah Shirazi

:"See also Grand Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi and Ayatollah al-Udhma Muhammad Shirazi."Infobox_Person
name = Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Abdullah al-Shirazi
other_names =

imagesize = 214px
caption =
birth_date = birth date|1892|2|25|mf=y
birth_place = Shiraz, Iran
death_date = death date and age|1984|9|29|1892|2|25|mf=y
death_place = Mashhad, Iran
religion = Twelver Shia Islam

Grand Ayatollah Haj Sayyed Abdullah al-Shirazi (February 25, 1892 – September 29, 1984) was a Grand Ayatollah of Twelver Shi'a Islam.


Grand Ayatollah Haj Sayyed Abdullah al-Shirazi was born in Shiraz, Iran. At the age of 15 he was sent into exile with his father, Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Tahir al-Shirazi, for resisting the Qajar and British colonial rule in southern Iran. His father was a nationally renowned cleric who was known for his resistance against the British government.

In 1914 he was sent to Najaf, Iraq to study advanced Islamic jurisprudence under the late Shaikh Na'ini.

al-Shirazi was sentenced to 4 years in prison in 1935, during the famous Goharshad Mosque uprising in the city of Mashad against the anti-religious policies of Reza Shah Pahlavi. After his release, he returned to Najaf, and soon became one of the Marja of Taqleed of Shi'a there. The Marja of Taqleed are clerics that have the authority to declare fatwas and decrees into all matters of Islamic jurisprudence. Only a few exist at any given time.

In 1975 al-Shirazi returned to Iran and joined the movement against the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, until his government was overthrown in 1979. By then he had ascended to the rank of Grand Ayatollah, thus becoming one of the highest ranking clerics of the Shi'a faith.

He died on 29 September, 1984 in Mashhad. A few hundred thousand people participated in the funeral ceremony commemorating him, at the Shrine of Imam Reza.Fact|date=July 2008

ervices and accomplishments

*Established two of the largest schools of Fiqh in Najaf, Iraq.
*Established the largest school of Fiqh in Mashad, Iran.
*Founded 180 institutes on Fiqh in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Pakistan, India, and a few African countries.
*Founded the "Ayatollah al-Udhma Al-Shirazi Hospital" in Mashad, Iran. In 1984, it served 43,000 patients. Clerics and their families were provided free insurance coverage.
*Founded an elementary school in Najaf.
*Founded the Tahiriyah mosque in Najaf.
*Founded the Al-Shirazi Library in Najaf.
*Founded dormitories for international clerical students in Najaf.
*Founded the Tahiriyah Husayniyah mosque in Kufa, Iraq.
*Founded the Al-Shirazi Library in Mashad, Iran.
*Founded two mosques in Mashad.
*Built and donated 130 houses for the earthquake victimes of Tabas in 1978.
*Built and donated 24 houses for the earthquake victimes of Feiz abad, Gha'enat in Khorasan province in 1979.
*Reconstructed and donated large parts of Shirvan, Khorasan, after the earthquake of 1980.
*Reconstructed and donated large parts of Khuzestan province, after devastating floods in 1979.
*Reconstructed and donated large parts of Kerman province, after the earthquake of 1981.
*Established a foundation that helped clerics and the destitute purchase housing.
*Constructed more than 60 schools in India, Pakistan, and a few African countries.
*Helped pay for tuition and boarding costs of students in Samarra and Kazimain, Iraq.
*Helped pay for publication costs of Islamic studies in various countries.
*Founded a large surgery unit at the Zahra hospital in Beirut.
*Paid for foster care institutes in southern Lebanon.
*Founded 4 clinics for healthcare in India.
*Helped cover living costs for Iranian families afflicted by the Iran-Iraq war.
*Helped cover living costs for tens of thousands of Iraqi families afflicted by Saddam Hussein.


*"Umdat-il wasa'il fil Hashiyat ila al-rasa'il", on the writings of Shaikh Ansari, in 4 volumes.
*"Kitab il-Ghaza", on Islamic Jurisprudence, in 2 volumes.
*"Al-Durr baydh fi munjazat al-maridh", on the debate of Fiqh concerning hereditary issues.
*"Azahat ul-shobahat fil shakk fil raka'aat", on the debate of Fiqh concerning the details of prayers.
*"Raf'al hajib fil Ujrat ila al-wajib", on the debate of Fiqh concerning the ahkaam for revenues.
*"Azahat ul-shubahat fi hukm il-afagh al-muttahidah wal mottafiqah", on the debate of Fiqh concerning the observation of the Moon for calculations of the solar calendar.
*"Al-tuhfat ol-Kadhimiyah fi qatl al-hayawanat bil-alat al-kahruba'iyah", on the debate of Fiqh concerning the ahkaam for slaughtering farm animals with electric devices.
*"Al-risalat al-Rajabiyah", a commentary about Hijab from Quranic and traditional perspectives.
*"Al-risalat al-rabi'iyah fi tashih al-niyabah al-ibadiyah", on the debate of Fiqh concerning prayers.
*"Al-mas'alat al-roju'iyah fi hukm al-mutlaqah al-raj'iyah", on the debate of Fiqh concerning divorce laws.
*"Al-hashiyah al-al'urwatih al-wuthqa", a review on the debate of Fiqh concerning all issues written by the late Allama Sayyed Muhammad Yazdi, in his book "al'urwatih al-wuthqa".
*"Al-ihtijajat al-ashra", a discussion on the Sunni-Shi'a debate. Translated into Persian, English, Urdu, and Gujurati, and published several times.
*"Al-imamat wal Shi'at", on the topic of Imamate in Shi'a Islam.
*"Pushesh e zan az didgaah e Islam", in Persian, about Hijab in Islam.
*"Imam wa Imamat", on the topic of Imamate in Islam.
*"Munazerat-i dah ganeh", a discussion on the Sunni-Shi'a debate with Sunni scholars, in Persian.
*"Dhakhirat al-saliheen", a collection of all the Fatwas declared by Ayatollah Shirazi, in 2 volumes.
*"Towdhih al-Masa'il", another collection of all Fatwas declared by Ayatollah al-Shirazi, translated into English.
*"Manasik hajj", available in English, on the details of the Hajj pilgrimage.
*"Anis al-Muqalladeen", translated in 1984 into Persian.

ee also

*Muslim scholars
*Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi

External links

* [ Mashad's Astan Qods Razavi Organization]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Shirazi — The Grand Ayatollah Muhammad ibn Mehdi al Hussaini al Shirazi (Arabic: سيد محمد ابن مهدي الحسيني الشيرازي) was a religious authority, or Marja , to millions of Twelver Shi’a Muslims around the globe. A charismatic leader who, his followers… …   Wikipedia

  • Seyd morteza shirazi — The Ayatollah morteza ibn Mohamad al Hussaini al Shirazi (Arabic: سيد مرتضى ابن محمد الحسيني الشيرازي) was a religious authority.Biographymorteza Shirazi waz bourn in the holy city of Karbala,Iraq in AD 1955. He belonged to a distinguished family …   Wikipedia

  • Mirza Mohammed Hassan Husseini Shirazi — Grand Āyat Allāh Mirza Sayyid Mohammed Hassan Al Husseini AL Shirazi, 1882. Grand Ayatollah Mirza Sayyid Mohammed Hassan Al Husseini AL Shirazi (Persian: میرزای شیرازی, arabic: آية الله العظمى المیرزا سيد محمد حسن الشیرازي) (c.1814 c.1896) was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Koum — Qom Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kom. Qom (fa) قم …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Qom — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Rome (homophones) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hudud — (Arabic حدود, also transliterated hadud, hudood; singular hadd, حد, literal meaning limit , or restriction ) is the word often used in Islamic literature for the bounds of acceptable behaviour and the punishments for serious crimes. In Islamic… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah — Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussein Fadl Allāh Religion Twelver Shi a Islam Other name(s) Arabic: السيد محمد حسين فضل الله …   Wikipedia

  • Sunni-Shia relations — Sunni and Shia (or Shiite) are the two major denominations of Islam. The demographic breakdown between the two groups is difficult to assess and varies by source, but a good approximation is that 85% of the world s muslims are Sunni, and 15% are… …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — Persia redirects here. For other uses, see Persia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 32°N 53°E …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”