- Hausa language
speakers=24 million as a first language, 15 million as a second language
fam4="A" West Chadic
fam5="A.1" West Chadic
States of Nigeria
Hausa is the Chadic language with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first
languageby about 24 million people, and as a second language by about 15 million more.
Hausa belongs to the
West Chadic languagessubgroup of the Chadic languagesgroup, which in turn is part of the Afro-Asiatic language family.
Native speakers of Hausa, the
Hausa peopleare mostly to be found in the African country of Nigerand in the north of Nigeria, but the language is widely used as a lingua franca(similar to Swahili in East Africa) in a much larger swathe of West Africa( Accra, Abidjan, Dakar, Lomé, Cotonou, Bamako, Conakry, Ouagadougou, etc.) and Central Africa( Douala, Yaoundé, Maroua, Garoua, N'djaména, Bangui, Libreville, etc.), particularly amongst Muslims. Radio stations like BBC, Radio France Internationale, China Radio International, Voice of Russia, Voice of America, Deutsche Welle, and IRIBbroadcast in Hausa. It is taught in Western and African universities.
Hausa is an
official languagein the north of Nigeria, and a " national language" in Niger.
dialects include Kananci which is spoken in Kano, Zazzaganci in Zaria, Bausanchi in Bauchi, Dauranchi in Daura, Gudduranchi in Katagum Misauand part of Bornoand Hadejanchi in Hadejiya. Western Hausa dialects include Sakkwatanchi spoken in Sokoto, Katsinanchi in Katsina, Arewanchi in both Gobirand Adar, Kebbi, Zamfaraand Kurhwayanchi in Kurfeyof Niger Republic. Katsinais transitional between Eastern and Western dialects. Northern Hausa dialects include Arewaand Arawa. Zariais the major Southern dialect.
The Kano dialect is the 'standard' variety. The
BBCoffers a Hausa Service on its international news web site.
Barikanchiis a pidginformerly used in the military.
Hausa has between 23 and 25 consonant phonemes depending on the speaker.
At least three other writing systems for Hausa have been proposed or "discovered." None of these are in active use beyond perhaps some individuals.
* A Hausa alphabet supposedly of ancient origin and in use in north of Maradi, Niger. [ [http://www.bisharat.net/Demos/Hausa_alphabet.htm "Hausa alphabet" ] ] There are serious doubts about these claims.
* A script that apparently originated with the writing/publishing group Raina Kama in the 1980s. [ [http://www.bisharat.net/Demos/Hausa_alpha_2.htm Hausa alphabet from a 1993 publication ] ]
* A script called "Tafi" proposed in the 1970s(?) [ [http://www.bisharat.net/Demos/Hausa_alpha_3.htm Hausa alphabet from a 1993 publication ] ]
* [http://www.fsi-language-courses.com/Hausa.aspx Basic Hausa language course (book + audio files)] USA Foreign Service Institute (FSI)
* [http://dictionary.kasahorow.com/all/ha kasahorow Hausa Dictionary]
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hau Ethnologue report on Hausa]
* [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/hausa.htm Omniglot]
* [http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/humnet/aflang/Hausa/hausa.html Hausa at UCLA]
* [http://www.univie.ac.at/afrikanistik/oracle/KofarHausaE.html Kofar Hausa dictionary at University of Vienna]
* [http://maguzawa.dyndns.ws/ Bargery's Hausa Dictionary Online]
* [http://hausaonline.wordpress.com/ Learning Hausa Online]
* [http://ha.wiktionary.org/ Hausa Wiktionary]
* [http://wikitravel.org/en/Hausa_phrasebook Hausa phrasebook]
* [http://www.panafril10n.org/wikidoc/pmwiki.php/PanAfrLoc/Hausa PanAfriL10n page on Hausa]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/hausa BBC World Service Hausa - Based in London]
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