African migration to the United Kingdom

African migration to the United Kingdom

African migration to Britain has a long and complex history, ranging from sailors and tradesmen in the sixteenth century, through to forcible movement during the Atlantic slave trade, followed by economic or political migration in the aftermath of the British Empire. It can also refer to migration from Caribbean people of Black African descent, and to White people born in Africa. Today, over four million British people have some African ancestry.

Africa is a complex, diverse continent populated by many different ethnic groups and races. Hence, there are many different facets to the subject of African migration to Britain.

Black Africans

The most popular term for British people with Black African or Afro-Caribbean ancestry is 'Black British'.

* Cape Verdean
* Ghanaian
* Kenyan
* Nigerian
* Sierra Leonean
* South African
* Tanzanian
* Ugandan
* Zambian
* Zimbabwean

British African-Caribbean community

Many people with Black African ancestry arrived in Britain from the Caribbean, where their ancestors had been taken as slaves.

* Antiguan
* Bahamian
* Barbadian
* Dominican
* Grenadian
* Guyanese
* Jamaican
* Montserratian
* Saint Lucian
* Trinidadian
* Vincentian


Most people from North Africa are Arabs and thus migrants from that region are commonly referred to as British Arabs.

* Moroccan British


There are many people in Britain of partial African ancestry.

White African

In recent years, many Britons from former British colonies like South Africa and Kenya have re-settled in the UK.

* South African-British
* British Kenyans

Asian African

There are many people in the UK from the African continent that are ethnically South Asian. The latter primarily consist of Indians from Uganda, Tanzania and Mauritius.

* Ugandan British
* Tanzanian
* Mauritian British

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