- Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 212 BC)
Appius Claudius Pulcher (
Latin: APP•CLAVDIVS•P•F•APP•N•PVLCHER) was a Roman general of the 3rd century BC, active in the Second Punic War.
Publius Claudius Pulcher(consul 249 BC), in 217 BC he was aedile. [Livy, xxii. 53.] In the following year he was military tribune, and fought at Cannae. Together with Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major he was raised to the supreme command by the troops who had fled to Canusium. In 215 BC he was created praetor, and conducted the relics of the defeated army into Sicily, where his efforts to detach Hieronymus, the grandson of Hiero II, from his connexion with the Carthaginians, were unsuccessful. [Livy, xxiii. 24, 30, 31, xxiv. 6, 7.] He remained in Sicily the following year also, as propraetorand legatusto Marcus Claudius Marcellus, [Livy, xxiv. 10, 21, 27, 29, 30, 33, 36.] [ Polybius, viii. 3, 5, 9.] having charge of the fleet and the camp at Leontini. [Livy, xxiv. 39.] In 213 BC, when the Carthaginians landed there, he co-commanded an expedition to the island with M. Claudius Marcellus.Fact|date=February 2007 In 212 BC he was elected consul, and in conjunction with his colleague Quintus Fulvius Flaccusundertook the siege of Capua. At the close of his year of office, in pursuance of a decree of the Senate, he went to Rome and created two new consuls. His own command was prolonged another year. In the battle with Hannibalbefore Capua he received a wound, from the effects of which he died shortly after the surrender of the city. He ineffectually opposed the infliction of the sanguinary vengeance which Fulvius took on the Capuans. [ Livy, xxv. 2, 22, 41, xxvi. 1, 5, 6, 8, 15, 16.] [Polybius, ix. 3.] He was the father of Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 185 BC), Publius Claudius Pulcher (consul 184 BC)and Gaius Claudius Pulcher (consul 177 BC).
"This entry incorporates
public domaintext originally from:"
*William Smith (ed.), "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology", 1870.
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