Hans Baldung

Hans Baldung

Hans Baldung known as Hans Baldung Grien/Grün (c. 1480 - 1545). German Renaissance artist as painter and printmaker in woodcut. He was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer.


He was born Hans Baldung at Schwäbisch Gmünd in Swabia, Germany, the son of a lawyer, who moved to Strassburg in 1492. He was the only male member of his family not to attend university; this background was unusual for an artist at the time. His uncle became a doctor to the Emperor. He spent the greater part of his life at Strassburg and Freiburg im Breisgau.He joined Dürer's Nuremberg workshop in 1503, probably after some initial training in Strassburg, and stayed until 1507. He seems to have been left in charge of the workshop during Dürer's second trip to Italy. It is presumed that he acquired his nickname of "Grien" (meaning "green") in Nuremberg; the workshop seems to have had three Hanses in it at one point. He later included it in his monogram; it has also been suggested that it came from "grienhals", a German word for witch. In his later trip to the Netherlands in 1521 Dürer's diary shows that he took with him and sold prints by Baldung. On Dürer's death Baldung was sent a lock of his hair, which suggests a close friendship.

In 1509 Baldung purchased a citizenship of the city of Strassburg (then a German city, now in France), and lived there till 1513. He then moved to Freiburg im Breisgau after being contacted to paint a large altarpiece for the Freiburg Münster, which he finished in 1516 (still in situ). He returned to Strassburg in 1517, and died as a member of the town council in 1545. He had married Margarethe Herlin, from a prominent family in the city, and owned a number of properties.


The earliest pictures assigned to him by some are altar-pieces with the monogram H. B. interlaced, and the date of 1496, in the monastery chapel of Lichtenthal near Baden-Baden. Another early work is a portrait of the emperor Maximilian, drawn in 1501 on a leaf of a sketch-book now in the print-room at Karlsruhe. "The Martyrdom of St Sebastian and the Epiphany" (Berlin Museum), fruits of his labour in 1507, were painted for the market-church of Halle in Saxony.

Baldung's prints, though Düreresque, are very individual in style, and often in subject. They show little direct Italian influence. His paintings are less important than his prints. He worked mainly in woodcut, although he made six engravings, one very fine. He joined in the fashion for chiaroscuro woodcuts, adding a tone block to a woodcut of 1510. [http://www.bodkinprints.co.uk/product.php?id=28] Most of his hundreds of woodcuts were commissioned for books, as was usual at the time; his "single-leaf" woodcuts (ie prints not for book illustration) are fewer than 100, though no two catalogues agree as to the exact number.

He was extremely interested in witches and made many images of them in different media, including several very beautiful drawings finished with bodycolour, which are more erotic than his treatments in other techniques. Without absolute correctness as a draughtsman, his conception of human form is often very unpleasant, whilst a questionable taste is shown in ornament equally profuse and baroque. Nothing is more remarkable in his pictures than the pug-like shape of the faces, unless we except the coarseness of the extremities. No trace is apparent of any feeling for atmosphere or light and shade. Though Grün has been commonly called the Correggio of the north, his compositions are a curious medley of glaring and heterogeneous colours, in which pure black is contrasted with pale yellow, dirty grey, impure red and glowing green. Flesh is a mere glaze under which the features are indicated by lines. (1911)

His works are mainly interesting because of the wild and fantastic strength which some of them display. His "Eve, the Serpent and Death" (National Museum of Canada) shows his strengths well. We may pass lightly over the "Epiphany" of 1507, the "Crucifixion" of 1512, or the "Stoning of Stephen" of 1522, in the Berlin Museum. There is some force in the "Dance of Death" of 1517, in the museum of Basel, or the Madonna of 1530, in the Liechtenstein Gallery at Vienna. Grün's best effort is the altarpiece of Freiburg, where the Coronation of the Virgin, and the Twelve Apostles, the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity and Flight into Egypt, and the Crucifixion, with portraits of donors, are executed with some of that fanciful power which Martin Schongauer bequeathed to the Swabian school.

As a portrait painter he is well known. He drew the likeness of Charles V, as well as that of Maximilian; and his bust of Margrave Philip in the Munich Gallery tells us that he was connected with the reigning family of Baden, as early as 1514. At a later period he had sittings from Margrave Christopher of Baden, Ottilia his wife, and all their children, and the picture containing these portraits is still in the grand-ducal gallery at Karlsruhe. Like Dürer and Cranach, Grün became a hearty supporter of the Reformation. He was present at the diet of Augsburg in 1518, and one of his woodcuts represents Luther under the protection of the Holy Ghost, which hovers over him in the shape of a dove.


*Bartrum,Giulia; German Renaissance Prints, 1490-1550; British Museum Press, 1995, ISBN 0-7141-2604-7

See also

*Early Renaissance painting
*Old master print

External links

* [http://arthistory.about.com/od/namesgg/l/bl_grien.htm Article: Sacred and Profane: Christian Imagery and Witchcraft in Prints by Hans Baldung Grien, by Stan Parchin]
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/baldung/ Biography and examples of work at the "WebMuseum" by Nicolas Pioch]
* [http://www.abcgallery.com/B/baldung/baldungbio.html Biography and examples of work at "Olga's gallery"]
* [http://www.abcgallery.com/B/baldung/baldung.html Works]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02220b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia article]
* [http://www.all-art.org/history230-14-2.html Hans Baldung in the "A World History of Art"]
* [http://www.all-art.org/er_in_art/06-1.html Several of Baldung's witches and erotic prints]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hans Baldung — Hans Baldung, Selbstbildnis Hans Baldung auch Hans Baldung Grien (* 1484 oder 1485 in Schwäbisch Gmünd; † September 1545 in Straßburg) war ein deutscher Maler, Zeichner und Kupferstecher zur Zeit Albrecht Dürers, der auch zahlreiche Entwürfe für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Baldung — Hans Baldung, Autorretrato (Museo de Bellas Artes, Estrasburgo). Hans Baldung, también conocido como Grien o Grün (* 1484 o 1485 en Schwäbisch Gmünd; † Septiembre de 1545 en Estrasburgo), fue un pintor alemán del renacimiento, ilustrado …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hans Baldung —     Hans Baldung     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Hans Baldung     Known as Grien or Grun, from his fondness for brilliant green, both in his own costume and in his pictures, a vigorous and distinguished painter, engraver, and draughtsman on wood, b …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hans Baldung — Autoportrait Naissance 1484 ou 1485 Weyersheim Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hans Baldung Grien — Hans Baldung, Selbstbildnis Hans Baldung Briefmarke aus Baden, 1948 Hans Baldung (* 1484 oder 1485 in Schwäbisch Gmünd; † September 1545 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Baldung Grien — Hans Baldung Autoportrait Hans Baldung, dit Grien (en raison de sa prédilection pour la couleur verte), est un peintre, dessinateur et graveur allemand de la Renaissance. Il est né à Weyersheim à la Haute Tour près de Strasbourg, où son père… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BALDUNG GRIEN (H.) — En peinture, la figure centrale de la Renaissance allemande est Albrecht Dürer. Son élève le plus important fut Hans Baldung Grien dont l’art appartient à la fois à la Renaissance et au maniérisme. Son œuvre, qui groupe un catalogue abondant de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hans Duerer — Hans Dürer (* 21. Februar 1490 in Nürnberg; † 1534 in Krakau) war ein deutscher Maler und Zeichner. Namensvarianten: Hans Derer, Hans Direr, Hans Dyrher, Johannes Derer, Johannes Direr, Johannes Dürer, Johannes Dyrer, Hanusz Derer, Hanusz Dürer,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Imer von Gilgenberg — Hans Imer und Agatha von Gilgenberg, Stifterfenster in der röm. kath. Kirche von Meltingen Hans Baldung Grien zugeschrieben, 1519 Hans Imer von Gilgenberg (* vor 1469; † 25. Juni 1533 in Ensisheim) war ein Ritter, Landvogt u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baldung — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Hans Baldung (1484/5–1545), deutscher Maler, Zeichner und Kupferstecher Kaspar Baldung ( 1480–1540), Jurist Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demsel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”