- Arthur Biedl
Arthur Biedl (1869-1933) was an Hungarian
pathologistwho was trained at the University of Viennaand practised medicine in Vienna and Prague.
In 1910, Biedl published an important textbook on
endocrinologycalled "Internal Secretions" which was a comprehensive study on glands and their secretions.
Biedl believed that
obesitywas due to changes in the pituitary gland. In 1922, he described his studies of two sisters who had retinitis pigmentosa, polydactyly, hypogonadismas well as obesity. Two years earlier Georges Bardet(1885-1970) at the University of Parisdescribed the same symptoms in two sisters unrelated to Biedl's findings. This syndrome is now called the Bardet-Biedl syndromeafter the two men.
A similar disease was originally named the Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome, together with two English physicians,
John Zachariah Laurence(1829–1870) and Robert Charles Moon(1845–1914). Today this disease has been shortened to become the Laurence-Moon syndrome, while the Bardet-Biedl syndrome is recognized as a separate entity.
* [http://otasia.advanstar.com/otasia/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=379959 Biedl, Bardet, Laurence & Moon; Research on retinitis pigmentosa]
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