Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland

Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland

Infobox British Royalty|majesty|consort
name =Joan Beaufort
title = Queen consort of Scots


caption =James I and Joan Beaufort
reign =2 February 1424 - 21 February 1437
spouse = James I
James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn
spouse-type = Spouse
issue = Margaret, Dauphine of France
Isabella, Duchess of Brittany
Eleanor, Archduchess of Austria
Mary, Countess of Buchan
Joan, Countess of Morton
James II
Alexander, Duke of Rothesay
Annabella, Countess of Huntly
John, 1st Earl of Atholl
James, 1st earl of Buchan
Andrew Stuart, Bishop of Moray
royal house =
titles = Lady Joan Stewart
"Her Grace" Queen Joan
"Her Grace" The Queen
Lady Joan Beaufort
father = John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset
mother = Margaret Holland
date of birth = 1404
place of birth =
date of death = 15 July 1445
place of death =
place of burial = |

Joan Beaufort (c. 1404 - 15 July 1445), was Queen Consort of the Kingdom of Scotland from 1424 to 1437, being married to James I of Scotland.

She was a daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland. Her paternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his mistress and later third wife Katherine Swynford. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan. Alice was a daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

On 2 February 1424 at Southwark Cathedral, Joan married James I, shortly before he was formally crowned. They were feasted at Winchester Palace that year by her uncle Henry Cardinal Beaufort. She is said to have been the inspiration of James's famous long poem, "The Kingis Quair". They had eight children, including the future James II, and Margaret of Scotland, wife of Louis XI of France. After James I was assassinated in 1437, she took over the regency for her son.

Issue with James I of Scotland

* Margaret Stewart, Princess of Scotland (1424-1445) married Louis XI of France
* Isabella Stewart, Princess of Scotland (1426-1494) married Francis I, Duke of Brittany
* Mary of Scotland, Countess of Buchan died 1465 married Wolfart VI van Borsselen
* Joan of Scotland, Countess of Morton (c. 1428-1486) married James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton
* Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (born and died 1430); Twin of James
* James II of Scotland (1430-1460)
* Annabella Stewart, Princess of Scotland married and divorced 1. Louis of Savoy, and then married and divorced 2. George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly
* Eleanor Stewart, Princess of Scotland (1433-1484) married Sigismund, Archduke of Austria.

econd Marriage and Issue

In 1439 Joan married James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn (~1383 - >1451). They had three children:

* John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (c. 1440 - September 12, 1512).
* James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan (1442-1499), High Chamberlain of Scotland in 1471 and Scottish Ambassador to France in 1473.
* Andrew Stewart, Bishop of Moray

References

* pages 461 & 486


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