National Democratic Congress (Ghana)

National Democratic Congress (Ghana)
National Democratic Congress
Leader John Atta Mills
Chairperson Dr. Kwabena Adjei
Founder Jerry Rawlings
Slogan Unity, Stability and Development
Founded July 28, 1992 (1992-07-28)
Headquarters H/No. 641/4
Ringway Close
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
National affiliation Ghana
International affiliation Socialist International
Official colours Green, White, Red and Black
5th parliament
(4th Republic)
116 / 230
Election symbol
The Umbrella with the Head of a Bird at the Tip
Politics of Ghana
Political parties

The National Democratic Congress is a social democratic political party in Ghana, founded by Jerry John Rawlings, who was Head of State of Ghana from 1981 to 1993 and the President of Ghana from 1993 to 2001. The NDC was formed ahead of elections in 1992 and 1996 returned Jerry John Rawlings to power. Rawlings' second term ended in 2001. His Vice-President, John Atta Mills, placed second in the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections, winning 44.6% of the vote on the second occasion. In the general elections held on 7 December 2004, the party won 94 out of 230 seats.

On December 21, 2006, Mills was overwhelmingly elected by the NDC as its candidate for the 2008 presidential election with a majority of 81.4%, or 1,362 votes. Ekwow Spio-Garbrah was second with 8.7% (146 votes), Alhaji Mahama Iddrisu was third with 8.2% (137 votes), and Eddie Annan was fourth with 1.7% (28 votes).[1] In April 2008, John Mahama was chosen as the party's vice-presidential candidate.[2] On January 3, 2009, Mills was certified as the victor of the December 28, 2008, run-off election to become the next president of Ghana.[3]

The NDC's party symbol is an umbrella with an eagle's head on top. Party colors are red, white, green, and black.

Internationally, the NDC is a member of the Socialist International.[4]


Electoral performance

The NDC has contested all national elections since the inception of the fourth republic.

Parliamentary elections

Election Number of NDC votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election
2008 3,776,917 44.2% 116 NDC majority[5]
2004 3,567,021 40.9% 94 NDC minority[6]
2000 2,690,360 41.2% 91 NDC minority[7]
1996 133 NDC majority[8]
1992 189 NDC majority[9]

Presidential elections

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2008 (2) John Atta Mills 4,501,466 50.1% Mills NDC government[10]
2008 (1) John Atta Mills 4,056,634 47.9% 2nd round election[10]
2004 John Atta Mills 3,850,368 44.6% NDC opposition[11]
2000 (2nd) John Atta Mills 2,728,241 43.3% NDC opposition[12]
2000 (1st) John Atta Mills 2,895,575 44.8% 2nd round election[12]
1996 Jerry Rawlings 57.4% 2nd Rawlings NDC government[13]
1992 Jerry Rawlings 2,327,600 58.4% Rawlings NDC government[14]

See also


  1. ^ "NDC CONGRESS RESULTS-Prof Wins",, December 22, 2006.
  2. ^ "Mills Chooses John Mahama As Running Mate",, April 10, 2008.
  3. ^ "Opposition Leader Wins Ghana Poll", BBC, January 3, 2009
  4. ^ List of Socialist International parties.
  5. ^ "REPUBLIC OF GHANA - LEGISLATIVE ELECTION OF 7 DECEMBER 2008". Adam Carr. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  6. ^ "REPUBLIC OF GHANA - LEGISLATIVE ELECTION OF 7 DECEMBER 2004". Adam Carr. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  7. ^ "REPUBLIC OF GHANA - LEGISLATIVE ELECTION OF 7 DECEMBER 2000". Adam Carr. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  8. ^ "07 December 1996 Parliamentary Election". Albert C. Nunley. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  9. ^ "29 December 1992 Parliamentary Election". Albert C. Nunley. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  10. ^ a b "REPUBLIC OF GHANA - PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF DECEMBER 2008". Adam Carr. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  11. ^ "07 December 2004 Presidential Election". Albert C. Nunley. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  12. ^ a b "REPUBLIC OF GHANA - PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF DECEMBER 2000". Adam Carr. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  13. ^ "07 December 1996 Presidential Election". Elections in Ghana. Albert C. Nunley. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  14. ^ "03 November 1992 Presidential Election". Elections in Ghana. Albert C. Nunley. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 

External links

Preceded by
Provisional National Defence Council
(military government)
Governments of Ghana
Rawlings government

1993 – 2001
Succeeded by
Kufuor government
(New Patriotic Party)
Preceded by
Kufuor government
(New Patriotic Party)
Governments of Ghana
Mills government

2009 – present

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