- Round shot
Round shot is an obsolete solid
projectilewithout explosive charge fired from small armsor cannons. As the name implies, round shot is spherical; its diameter is slightly less than the bore of the gun it is fired from.
Round shot was made in early times from dressed stone, but by the 17th century, from iron. It was used as the most accurate projectile that could be fired by a smooth-bore
cannon, used to batter the wooden hulls of opposing ships, forts, or fixed emplacements, and as a long-range anti-personnel weapon.
pellet shotand grapeshot, round shot was one of the early projectiles used in firearms.
Round shot was popular during most of the
age of sail, being replaced after the invention by Benjamin Robinsof the extruded bulletaround the mid-19th century.
Round shot has the disadvantages of not being tightly fitted into the bore (to do so would cause jamming). This causes the shot to "rattle" down the gun barrel and leave the barrel at an angle unless wadding or a discarding
Round shot has been totally replaced by modern
bullets in small armsand by modern shells in artillery. Round shot is used in historical recreations and historical replica weapons.
Pellet shot (now simply called 'shot') is still used in
* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadiemenchen/604996746/ Photo of stone round shot] from the
Castello Sforzescoin Milan, Italy
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