- Robert Govett
Robert Govett, (
Staines, Middlesex, February 14, 1813 - Norwich, Norfolk, February 20, 1901) was a famous British theologian, and a successful independent pastorof [Surrey Chapel, Norwich, Norfolk, England, UK. His father, Robert Govett Sr., Vicar of Staines, died in 1854. His maternal grandfather was William Romaine (1714-1795), Vicar of Reading, the famous eighteenth century pastor and evangelist, and the author of "The Life, Walk and Triumph of Faith". Govett never married because he wanted to use all his time for the ministry.
He wrote many books and brochures. His most well-known book is "The
Apocalypse: Expounded by Scripture" (1861-1865), which he wrote under the pen-nameMatheethees. Professor Wilbur M. Smith said about this book: "One of the profoundest works of Revelation that I know of is the work of Robert Govett. My own opinion is that he brings to his interpretation a more thorough knowledge of the Scriptures in their bearing on the last book of the Bible than any other writer of his generation."
Early life and education
On October 20 1830 Robert Govett matriculated at
Worcester College( University of Oxford) [Joseph Foster, "Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886: Their Parentage, Birthplace, and Year of Birth, with a Record of Their Degrees", p. 546, de second last (yellow marked) Govett in the list: [http://books.google.com/books?id=4-ItAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA546&lpg=PA546&dq=Registers+of+alumni+University+of+Oxford+%2Bgovett,+robert&source=web&ots=Loo3hZi0PB&sig=UhBJkVP8wY0uiFXM_i17u-sQVTc&hl=nl&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result online version] . This book is still available through Amazon.] . Govett was 17 when he matriculated, which was not uncommon, because in those days many students matriculated already at the age of 14 or 15. Robert Govett received his BA in 1834, became a fellow of Worcester in 1836 (until 1844), en received his MA in 1837. The MA degree required no further studies or exams. The MA degree was only given seven years after matriculation, and that is still the case today at the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin. At most other extra studies and exams are still required. This does not mean of course that the MA degree from Oxbridgeand Dublin has less value then the MA degree from other universities. In 1837 he was ordained into the Church of England.
The beginning of his ministry
After Govett was installed as Vicar in the
Anglican Church, he started his first curacyin Bexley, Kent. His second curacy was St. Stephens, Norwich, Norfolk (1841). The members of his churchloved the way he preached (vigorously and clear), and many of the elite in Norwich and it's surroundings were attracted to his congregation. Govett was known for his analytical powers. As Dr. Cyril J. Barber ("The Minister's Library") put it: "Few men could equal Govett for originality of thought. He also possessed a well-ordered, disciplined mind. He could trace a theme through Scripture with unerring logic."
Govett was of the opinion that the Scriptures should always be open to a fresh scrutiny, based upon new light that might have been received and, because of this, as the years passed, he became independent of many of the denominational views that he had previously adhered to. In 1845 he left the
Anglican Churchupon witnessing a full immersion baptismat St. Mary's Baptist Chapel. This event convinced him of the Scriptural integrity of full immersion baptism, and also of the error of infant sprinkling. A few days later he himself was baptized at St. Mary's by the Rev. WIlliam Brock. He resigned from his position within the Church of England, without knowing how he would sustain himself. His family was not at all happy with his decision, and he was also ostracized by many in christianitywho held to the more traditional teachings of the Church of England. But he was willing to pay the cost. He became independent and became the minister of an independent church in Norwich. The congregation assembled at "Victoria Hall", also known as "Bazaar Chapel". As to assembly life Govett was influenced by the Brethren, but he remained the sole leader of the church. He liked the writings of J.N. Darby and other Brethren, but he kept his independent attitude towards Scripture exegesis. He went his own way and was very able to defend his insights.
Govett wrote many tracts and brochures about baptism, which were especially liked by the Prince of Preachers,
Charles Haddon Spurgeon. Spurgeon once said about Govett:: "Mr. Govett wrote a hundred years before his time, and the day will come when his works will be treasured as sifted gold." And that day has alrteady begun, because much of what Govett taught en preached has become reality in our time. Govett be came more and more interested in eschatology, and he was of the opinion that before the Great Tribulation there would be a selective of partial rapture, and that only the raptured saints (the firstfruits) are worthy to reign with Christ during the Millennium. He seems to have been one of the first, if not the first, to present a clear view of the judgmentseat of Christ and its purpose in relation to the Millennial Kingdom. Thus, it is a point of emphasis throughout most of his writings. Through Scripture, he clearly delineates between eternal life, the free gift that God gives to those who accept the payment His Son made, and the prize, the reward of the Millennial Reign, which one can attain to by producing the good works or fruits that emanate from a walk of faith. The latter of the two is held out to all the saints by the Almighty, but it is only given to those who have submitted to the work of the Holy Spirittoward personal sanctification.
There are two characteristics within his writings that are predominant, and each yields a testimony of one who had matured into an intimate walk with the Lord. One was his ability to take the multi-facets of the types, shadows, and symbols of the Word and overlay them so as to compare them against each other: an approach he used to confirm whether his understanding of them was in line with the reasons and purpose God had given them. For instance, if the underlying symbolism conflicted with what appeared to be the literal meaning of a portion of Scripture, he would set about to resolve the conflict. Thus, his writings are rich in the types and shadows of the
Old Testament, which he felt must be learned if one is to expect a proper understanding of their fulfillment in the New Testament. The other, is the ability he developed to enter into the prophetic sense of the Word. A trait which is distinctive among those who have grown sensitive in their spirit to the mind of the Spirit, to the point that they have acquired an acute ability to draw from the living Word or Rhema.
The later years
In 1854 Govet opened Surrey Chapel, Norwich, which had room for 1500 people. He stayed on as pastor until his death on February 20, 1901. When he died the church had about 200 members. D.M. Panton was his successor. Well-known members of his congregation were Evan Hopkins and Margaret Barber. Welsh evangelist
Jessie Penn-Lewis- co-worker of Welsh Revivalist Evan Roberts- knew Robert Govett too. Margaret Barber became known as the spiritual mentor of Watchman Nee.
List of selected writings
* Isaiah Unfulfilled (1841)
* The Prophecy on Olivet or Matthew 24-25 Expounded (1846)
* The Saints' Rapture to the Presence of the Lord Jesus (1852)
* Entrance into the Kingdom or Reward according to Works (1853) Second series 1855)
* The Sermon on the Mount Expounded
* The Apocalypse: Expounded by Scripture (1861-1865)
* The Kingdom of God Future (1870)
* Christ's Resurrection and Ours - 1 Corinthians 15 Expounded (1876)
* Moses or Christ? Being the Argument of the Epistle to the Galatians (1879)
* Tracts on the Kingdom (1880)
* Exposition of the Gospel of St John (1881)
* Christ superior to Angels, Moses and Aaron: A Comment on the Epistle to the Hebrews (1884)
* The New Jerusalem Our Eternal Home (1884)
* The Three Eatings (1888)
* What is the Church? The Argument of Ephesians (1889)
* [http://website.lineone.net/~whtindle/WhoWasGovett.htm Short Biografie] - There is an error in this biography. Eaton College never existed, and the archivist of Oxford University suggested that it is more likely that as a boy Govett attended Eton College (without the "a"). Sentinel Kulp, author of Govett's biography, akcnowledged that he probably had this wrong.
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worcester_College Worcester College] - About Worcester College, where Govett studied.
* Poole-Connor, E J: "Evangelical Unity" (The Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches, London 1941), page 152-155.
* Dalby, W J: 'Memoir of Robert Govett MA' [appended to a republication of Govett's 'Galatians'] August 1930.
* Surrey Chapel - 'Book of Remembrance, 1854-1954' [a Centenary History] (1954).
* Clark, R E D: 'Robert Govett', "The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church" (Paternoster Press, London 1974), page 426.
* Codling, Rosamunde: '150 Years at Surrey Chapel, Norwich, 1854-2004: The Anniversary of the opening of the first Surrey Chapel building' (2004).
* The works of Robert Govett, all published by Schoettle Publishing.
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