Stourbridge Extension Canal

Stourbridge Extension Canal

The Stourbridge Extension Canal was a short canal built to serve a number of mines in the Kingswinford area of Staffordshire in England. Although connected to the Stourbridge Canal, it was independent from it. It opened in 1840, and was abandoned in 1935. A short section of it is still used as moorings for boats using the Stourbridge Canal.


In the 1820s, a number of coal mines opened up in the Kingswinford area, which was just to the north-west of the Fens branch of the Stourbridge Canal. Although a survey was carried out for a canal to service the mines, no definite proposals emerged. A railway from the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal was constructed by Lord Dudley, but there were further plans for both canals and railways to the area of Shutt End. [ Birmingham City Council: History of the Canals] ] In 1836, the Stourbridge, Wolverhampton & Birmingham Junction Canal was proposed. This would have started near Fens Pool on the Stourbridge Canal and run via the mines and a long tunnel to Bloomfield Junction on the Birmingham Canal Navigations. This did not meet with general approval, with opposition from Lord Ward and various canal companies, and so the Stourbridge Extension Canal Company was formed, and the Act of Parliament obtained in 1837 only authorised the first part of this grand plan. [ [ Lost Labours: Research: Canals] ]

Construction of the canal began in June 1837 with William Fowler as the engineer, who was replaced by Benjamin Townshend in September 1838. [ [ Jim Shead, Waterways History] ] The canal was all on one level, with a stop lock at its junction with the Stourbridge Canal, and the total length of the canal was about 2 miles (3.2km). Completed in 1840, the canal was a success, with good amounts of iron ore and limestone being carried to blast furnaces, and finished iron and coal being exported to the wider region.

The Coming of the Railways

The canal was barely open, when the railways posed a threat. The Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway was active in the area, and in 1845 applied for an Act of Parliament to authorise a number of routes, one of which would run along the banks of the canal. An agreement was reached, whereby the Railway Compnay would buy the canal if the Act was granted. It was, and the canal passed into the hands of the Railway Company on 27 March 1847. Unlike many such takeovers, the canal was not immediately run down, as it provided a source of income to the new company, and indeed traffic increased. By the 1850s, the canal served two brickworks, four collieries, and six ironworks, which operated a total of seventeen blast furnaces.

When the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway became part of the Great Western Railway, the canal also had new owners. Despite its short length, and the fact that much of the traffic travelled less than a mile on the canal, the canal still made a profit, and it was not until the early 1900s that traffic started to decline. The canal was finally abandoned in 1935.


Most of the canal was filled in after its abandonment. A trading estate covers most of the northern end of the Sandhill Branch, and housing has been built over the middle section. A short stub, from the Brockmoor Junction with the Stourbridge Canal to the stop lock at Bromley has been retained in water, and mooring facilities with a boundary fence were constructed by British Waterways on the north bank of the stub in 2004. [ [ Tuesday Night Club cruising record and pictures] ]


ee also

*Canals of Great Britain
*History of the British canal system

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stourbridge Canal — The Stourbridge Canal is a canal in the West Midlands of England. It links the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal (at Stourton Junction, affording access to traffic from the River Severn) with the Dudley Canal, and hence, via the Birmingham… …   Wikipedia

  • Stourbridge — infobox UK place country = England official name= Stourbridge latitude= 52.4575 longitude= 2.1479 map type= West Midlands population = 54,661 (1991 Census) population density= metropolitan borough= Dudley metropolitan county = West Midlands… …   Wikipedia

  • Birmingham Canal Navigations — (BCN) is a network of navigable canals connecting Birmingham, Wolverhampton, and the eastern part of the Black Country. The BCN is connected to the rest of the English canal system at several junctions.At its working peak, the BCN contained about …   Wikipedia

  • Dudley Canal — The end of the No. 2 Line in 1987 Original owner Dudley Canal Company Date of act …   Wikipedia

  • Bridgewater Canal — This article is about the canal in North West England. For the canal in Somerset, see Bridgwater and Taunton Canal. Bridgewater Canal The packet house at Worsley, on the canal Principal e …   Wikipedia

  • Neath and Tennant Canal — The exit from Clun Isaf lock, restored in 2007 Original owner Neath Canal Nav Co, Port Tennant Nav Co Principal engineer …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal — The steam crane at Mount Sion, on the Bury arm Original owner Manchester Bolton Bury Canal Company Principal engineer …   Wikipedia

  • Coalisland Canal — Date of act 1732 Date completed 1787 Date closed 1946 Start point Coalisland End point River Blackwater Connects to …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester Ship Canal — The Stolt Kittiwake heading toward the Mersey Estuary, 2005 Principal engineer Edward Leader Williams Date of act …   Wikipedia

  • Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal — The Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal is a small network of canals in South Wales. For most of its 35 mile (56 km) length it runs through the Brecon Beacons National Park, and its present rural character and tranquillity belies its original… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”