- Federal architecture
Federal-style architecture occurred in the
United Statesbetween 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. The period is associated with the early Republic, and the establishment of the national institutions of the United States. This same period is associated with the motifs of furnituredesign, emulating similar design principles of the architectural period. The founders of the United States consciously chose to associate the nation with the ancient democracies of Greece and Rome. This was a deliberate and marked contrast with the Gothic style, which was used for many English public buildings and associated with feudalism. Federal style takes influence from the Georgian Neoclassical style, but differs in its use of plainer surfaces with attenuated detail; it was most influenced by the Adam style, an interpretation of Ancient Romanarchitecture fashionable after the unearthing of Pompeiiand Herculaneum. The Bald Eaglewas a common symbol used in this style, with the ellipsea frequent architectural motif. This style is also referred to by its era: Federal Period.
The style reflected the nationalist aspirations of the time. Its successor was the
Homes had balanced proportions and light-filled rooms. [cite book | author = |title = Passumpsic donates to historical society | publisher = the Chronicle | year = July 2, 2008]
Architects of the Federal period
John McComb, Jr.
* Robert Mills
* William Strickland
Ammi B. Young
*Craig, Lois A., "The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics and National Design." The MIT Press: 1984. ISBN 0-262-53059-7.
* [http://ah.bfn.org/a/DCTNRY/f/fed.html Definition of Federal-style architecture]
* [http://www.holycross.edu/departments/classics/wziobro/ClassicalAmerica/federalistintrohp.html Introduction to Federal-style architecture]
* [http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~twp/architecture/federal/ Photographs of some Federal-style buildings]
* [http://www.sackheritagegroup.com/articles/articles.php?articleID=60 "Classical Architecture in America: The Federal Style and Beyond"]
* [http://memorialhall.mass.edu/activities/architecture/coleman.html "Federal Style, 1780-1820 - Coleman-Hollister House]
* [http://www.federalstyle.com/index.html "Federal Style Patterns 1780-1820"] Bibliography for federal style research, photographs of federal houses, federal style pattern book.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.