Gelatinous zooplankton

Gelatinous zooplankton

Gelatinous zooplankton is the term used to describe the fragile animals that live in the water column in the ocean. They have very delicate bodies that are easily damaged or destroyed. [Lalli & Parsons (2001)] Gelatinous zooplankton are often transparent. [Johnsen (2000)] All jellyfish are gelatinous zooplankton, but not all gelatinous zooplankton are jellyfish. The most commonly encountered organisms include ctenophores, medusae, salps, and Chaetognatha. However, almost all marine phyla, including Annelida, Mollusca and Arthropoda, contain gelatinous species, but those odd species usually live in the deep sea. [Nouvian (2007)] Gelatinous zooplankton have also been called "Gelata". [Haddock (2004)]

Footnotes

References

* (2004) A golden age of gelata: past and future research on planktonic ctenophores and cnidarians. "Hydrobiologia" 530/531: 549-556.
* (2000) Transparent Animals. "Scientific American" 282: 62-71.
* (2001) "Biological Oceanography". Butterworth-Heinemann.
* (2007) "The Deep". University of Chicago Press.

External links

* [http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/02arctic/logs/mis_sum_pelagic/pelagic.html] Ocean Explorer: Gelatinous zooplankton from the Arctic Ocean
* [http://jellieszone.com/] Jellyfish and other gelatinous zooplankton
* [http://planktonnet.awi.de] PLANKTON*NET: information on all types of plankton including gelatinous zooplankton


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