- Association of Chartered Certified Accountants
company_name = The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)
company_type = British chartered accountancy body
foundation = flagicon|UK [England, UK] (1904)
company_slogan = ACCA - Accountancy's uncommon denominator
location = London, flagicon|UK [England, UK]
members = 115,345
affiliates_&_students = 296,058
subsid = The Association of Authorised Public Accountants (AAPA)
homepage = [http://www.accaglobal.com www.accaglobal.com]
The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) is a British chartered accountancy body with a global presence that offers the
Chartered Certified Accountant(Designatory letters ACCA or FCCA) qualification worldwide. It is one of the world's largest and fastest-growing accountancy bodies with 122,426 members and 325,606 affiliates and students in 170 countries. The Institute's headquarters are in Londonwith the principal administrative office being based in Glasgow. In addition the ACCA has a network of nearly 80 staffed offices and other centres around the world.
The ACCA is a founding member body of the
Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies(CCAB) and the International Federation of Accountants(IFAC).
The term 'Chartered' in ACCA qualification refers to the
Royal Chartergranted by Her Majesty the Queen in the United Kingdom.
Chartered Certified Accountantis a legally protected term, individuals who describe themselves as Chartered Certified Accountants must be members of ACCA and, if they carry out public practice engagements, must comply with additional regulations such as holding a practising certificate, being insured against any possible liability claims and submitting to inspections.
The Association of Authorised Public Accountants (AAPA), one of the British professional bodies for public accountants, has been a subsidiary of ACCA since 1996.
ACCA can trace its history back to 1904 when eight people formed the London Association of Accountants. This was done in order to allow more open access to the profession than was available through the existing accounting bodies at the time, notably the
Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Walesand the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland. As of 2006, the goal of ACCA is to become the world’s leading global professional body by reputation, influence and size.
A timeline of key dates in the history of ACCA and its predecessor bodies is:
* 1930 : London Association of Accountants successfully campaigns for the right to audit companies
* 1933 : London Association of Accountants renamed "London Association of Certified Accountants"
* 1939 : Corporation of Accountants (Scottish body, founded 1891) merges with London Association of Certified Accountants to become the "Association of Certified and Corporate Accountants"
* 1941 : Institution of Certified Public Accountants (founded 1903, and incorporating the Central Association of Accountants from 1933) merges with Association of Certified and Corporate Accountants
* 1971 : Association of Certified and Corporate Accountants renamed "Association of Certified Accountants"
* 1974 :
Royal Charterreceived from Her Majesty the Queen.
* 1974 : ACCA becomes one of the six founding members of the
Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies(CCAB).
* 1977 : ACCA becomes a founding member of the
International Federation of Accountants(IFAC).
* 1984 : Association of Certified Accountants renamed "Chartered Association of Certified Accountants"
* 1995 : ACCA members vote at an extraordinary general meeting to amend the name of the body to the Association of Chartered Public Accountants and to introduce the designation Chartered Public Accountant. The Privy Council subsequently rejected this proposal as it was concerned about the inclusion of the term public. It did however agree that any accountancy body that had a royal charter could be granted the right to use chartered as part of the members’ designation.
* 1996 : Chartered Association of Certified Accountants renamed "Association of Chartered Certified Accountants". Members become entitled to use the title
Chartered Certified Accountant(Designatory letters "ACCA" or "FCCA"). The Association of Authorised Public Accountantsbecomes a subsidiary of ACCA.
* 1998 : ACCA's syllabus formed the basis of the
United Nations' global accountancy curriculum titled Guideline on National Requirements for the Qualification of Professional Accountants published in 1999. ACCA was a participant in the consultative group, which devised this global Benchmark, and reference to ACCA's role is included throughout the publication.
* 2001 : ACCA received a Queens Award for Enterprise in International Trade, recognising the growth of ACCA and its role in160 countries worldwide.
* 2002 : ACCA received its second Queens Award for Enterprise in the space of 12 months, honouring its continuing work on social and environmental issues with the confirmation of the Queens Award for Enterprise in the Sustainable Development category. ACCA's first Queens Award, for Export Achievement, was presented in 1996.
The ACCA offers the following qualifications:
A. Chartered Certified Accountant (ACCA) - Professional Scheme
The Professional Scheme is the primary qualification of the ACCA and, following completion of up to 14 professional examinations and three years of supervised, relevant accountancy experience, enables an individual to become a
Chartered Certified Accountant.
* In accordance with ACCA's traditions, there is open access to its examinations.
* As part of the Professional Scheme, a Bachelor of Science (Honours) degree in Applied Accounting (after completing Part 2 of the Professional Scheme and submitting a Research project), is offered in association with
Oxford Brookes University)
* The current syllabus is made up of 14 examinations, although some exemptions are available. The papers are split into four parts. Within Part 4, there are four optional papers (of which two must be selected).
* Subjects examined include
financial accounting, management accounting, financial reporting, taxation, company law, financial management, audit and assuranceand corporate reporting.
* A new ACCA qualification will start from the December
2007examination sitting. The new syllabus updates the qualification for recent developments in the accountancy profession and reorganises the papers within the qualification. It is ACCA policy to update the examination syllabus on a regular basis. Changes were made previously in 2001 and 1994.
The ACCA Professional examinations are offered worldwide twice yearly, in June and December.
B. Certified Accounting Technician (CAT)
This is an introductory accounting technician qualification. Although CAT can be obtained as a standalone qualification, it is often the case that individuals study for CAT as an introduction to accountancy prior to starting the Professional Scheme. It usually takes 1.5 years to complete the Certified Accounting Technician exams. However, there is no restriction on the number of papers that can be attempted in one attempt.
Alternatives to the CAT qualification include the
Association of Accounting Techniciansqualification. ACCA was a sponsor of the AAT before breaking its links in favour of the CAT qualification in the mid 1990s.
Currently, the Certified Accounting Technician qualification (CAT) has been placed on the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) National Qualifications Framework and publicly funded educational institutions are now eligible for funding to train towards the qualification in
C. Other qualifications
The ACCA offers other qualifications:
MBA(for ACCA full members, offered in association with Oxford Brookes University)
* Diploma in Financial Management (DipFM). Introduced in the mid-1980s as the "Certified Diploma in Accounting and Finance" this is a financial qualification designed for non-finance managers.
* Diploma in International Financial Reporting (DipIFR)
* Diploma in Financial Management
* Certificate in International Auditing (CertIA)
* Certificate in International Financial Reporting (CertIFR)
In the first instance, individuals register as student members to undertake the Professional Scheme qualification.
Upon completion of the examinations, student members are automatically transferred to Affiliate status. To become a
Chartered Certified Accountant, or a full member of the Association, affiliates must have three years of supervised, relevant accountancy experience and must have documentary evidence of this in the form of the Student Training Records. In common with many United Kingdomprofessional bodies, full membership of ACCA is known as "Associateship", which are entitled to describe themselves as Chartered Certified Accountantand carries the designatory letters "ACCA".
Fellowship, or senior membership of ACCA, or being
Chartered Certified Accountants above 3 years or 5 years(According to the new rules), is awarded on the following bases:
* after 3 years continuous membership, upon application, with documented Continuing Professional Education; or
* for members admitted to Associateship before 2002, automatically after five years continuous membership.
ACCA has decided that from 1 January 2008, Fellowship will be awarded based on 5 years continuous membership, with compliance with Continuing Professional Education requirements. Advancement to Fellowship will be automatic provided the member has not breached CPE requirements. Members admitted before 2005 may still apply for Fellowship under the 3 year rule before 1 January 2008.
Fellow members of ACCA use the designatory letters "FCCA" in place of "ACCA.
2006, there are 115,345 members and 296,000 affiliates and students in 170 countries. [ [http://www.accaglobal.com/documents/performance_2006_table.pdf Details] ]
Continuing Professional Education
Before 2005, Continuing Professional Education (CPE) was mandatory only for holders of "practising certificates" and "insolvency licences". From 2005, ACCA is extending mandatory CPE to all members on a phased basis:
* Phase 1: Effective 1 January 2005, for members admitted to Associateship on or after 1 January 2001 (plus all practising certificate and insolvency licence holders)
* Phase 2: Effective 1 January 2006, for members admitted to Associateship 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2000
* Phase 3: Effective 1 January 2007, for members admitted to Associateship on or before 31 December 1994.
It is permissible for a member to adopt CPE earlier than the deadline.
Legal & Mutual Recognition
(A.)United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland
* The ACCA or
Chartered Certified Accountantqualification is fully recognised in the United Kingdomand Republic of Ireland.
** Under the
Royal Chartergranted by Her Majesty the Queen, ACCA works in the public interest.
** ACCA is a Designated Professional Body under the Financial Services and Markets Act, licensing firms of "
Chartered Certified Accountants" to conduct a range of incidental investment business activities.
** ACCA is a Recognised Professional Body under the Insolvency Act to issue permits to individual "
Chartered Certified Accountants" to conduct insolvency appointments.
** ACCA is also a "Recognised Qualifying Body" and "Recognised Supervisory Body" in relation to company auditing under the Companies Act 1989.
** ACCA is a member of the
Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies(CCAB). Members of these bodies are deemed to hold equivalent-level qualifications and advertisements for jobs often state that an organisation is looking for a CCAB-qualified individual.
** Full members of CCAB organisations including ACCA can apply for
ICAEWmembership subject to certain criteria. [http://www.icaew.co.uk/index.cfm?route=125720 Details]
** Only ACCA,
ICAEW, ICAI and ICAS are able to authorise members to conduct "audit", "insolvency" and "investment business work" in the United Kingdomand Republic of Ireland.
* Outside these countries, legal recognition by government authorities, and mutual recognition by equivalent overseas institutes, varies from country to country. Even where full legal or mutual recognition is not available, ACCA members can sometimes obtain "
advanced standing" in terms of sitting local accountancy examinations. Additionally, in many instances, ACCA's strong global reputation may obviate the need to acquire a local designation.
* Similarly, many (although not all) universities and educational providers will recognise ACCA as equivalent to at least a
Masters degreein accountancy, for the purpose of obtaining credit to acquire a local Masters degree or enter an advanced study program.
The Irish educational regulatory authorities - Higher Education and Training Awards Council (HETAC) has assigned ACCA Qualification to Level 9 of the Irish National Qualifications Framework (NQF) in 2008. Level 9 holds Irish postgraduate qualifications, such as postgraduate diplomas and masters degrees.
(B.)European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) & Switzerland
* The ACCA qualification is legally recognized by all member countries of the
European Unionunder the Mutual Recognition Directive. This recognition extends to the European Economic Areanations and Switzerland. For example a holder of the ACCA or Chartered Certified Accountantqualification could practice as an accountant in all member countries of the European Union, European Economic Areaand Switzerland, but could only describe him/herself as "ACCA" or "Chartered Certified Accountant" rather than local professional accountant qualification. Access to local professional qualifications is based on an aptitude test. However, it is necessary to be a citizen of one of the EEA states or Switzerland to benefit from this Directive.
* ACCA and TÜRMOB (The Union of Chambers of Certified Public Accountants of Turkey) at
Turkeysigned a partnership agreement in 2004 which enables TÜRMOB members resident in Turkeyto follow the ACCA Professional Scheme qualification and achieve ACCA membership.
* The ACCA currently is recognized by the national accounting institutes with the joint scheme relationships in:
Armenia(Association of Accountants and Auditors in Armenia);
** Georgia (Georgian Federation of Professional Accountants and Auditors).
As of end of 2006, there are 64,574 members and 91,379 students/affiliates in Western Europe, UK and Ireland, as well as 3,279 members and 17,273 students/affiliates in Central/Eastern Europe respectively.
(A.)United States (US)
* A mutual recognition between ACCA and
AICPA/NASBA does not exist, but is under negotiation as of December 2006. However, it has effectively been put on hold pending a decision by the UK regulatory body, the Professional Oversight Board of Accountancy (POBA). It should also be noted that even if ACCA gained statutory recognition, it would still be up to the individual states to grant reciprocity within their state. [http://www.accaglobal.com/documents/us_fallwinter_2006.pdf]
* Currently ACCA membership is recognised by the "Colorado State Board of Accountancy" as meeting the educational requirements to sit for the US
Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination. The majority of ACCA members who pass the CPA exam may apply for licensing as a Certified Public Accountant(CPA) in the state of Colorado, USAafter completing a qualifications evaluation.
* As of 2002, [http://www.wes.org/ World Education Services (WES)] indicated that the evaluation awarded 9 U.S. semester credits for every subject passed in ACCA exams resulting in a total of 126 U.S. semester credits based on ACCA studies, so it allows ACCA associate members to sit for uniform CPA examination at the states with 120 U.S. semester credits requirements. [http://www.accaglobal.com/usa/news/articles/1105879?session=fffffffeffffffff0a0121394550b340f292dd0956ee4c6509649a43708cc8d3]
As of end of 2005, there are 1,315 members in USA.
* ACCA announced a Mutual Recognition Agreement with CGA Canada effective from 1 January 2007. [ [http://www.accaglobal.com/news/general/2850952 Details] ]
* ACCA is recognized by Canadian government as an eligible qualification to audit federal government institutions in
Canada[ [http://www.accaglobal.com/pdfs/review/canada_review2005.pdf Canada Review 2005 ] ]
* As of 2006,
Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants, [http://www.wes.org/ World Education Services (WES)] and the Odette School of Business at the University of Windsorindicated that the evaluation recognized ACCA as having the Canadian equivalence of a Bachelor's Degree (four years) in Accounting. [ [http://canada.accaglobal.com/canada/resources/reports/ca_ar_2003.pdf?session=fffffffeffffffff0a01213844ec48d4024089288d4d7e7f57c1776ef5981ed4 Page not found | ACCA ] ]
* The Canadian branch of ACCA is pursuing recognition for statutory audit purposes in the province of
Ontariounder the province's "Public Accounting Act of 2004"
As of 2006, ACCA has 1,100 members and over 400 students residing in Canada, the largest concentration of which live in Ontario.
* The ACCA qualification is statutory recognised as a prescribed body for insolvency purposes under the Corporation Act 2001, section 1282 and for audit purposes by ASIC under Practice Statement 180 Auditor recognition in
* For migration purposes, the
Institute of Chartered Accountants of Australiaand National Institute of Accountantsrecognise the ACCA qualification as sufficient to obtain a skill assessment as an "Accountant" for the purpose of migration to Australia.
* There is no mutual recognition agreement in place with the
Institute of Chartered Accountants of Australia(ICAA) or CPA Australia(CPAA).
* The ACCA qualification is recognised as at least equivalent to an Australian bachelors degree in accountancy (although not by
CPA Australia). This allows ACCA members to obtain a direct entry to the examinations or advanced standing from Institute of Chartered Accountants of Australiaor National Institute of Accountants.
* Subject to passing exams in Australian tax and law, ACCA members may obtain the "Professional National Accountant (PNA)" designation from the
National Institute of Accountants. On the same basis, ACCA members can obtain direct entry to the "CA Program" of the ICAA.
As of end of 2007, there are 1,817 members in Australia.
* The ACCA qualification is statutory recognised in
New Zealandlegislation for registration to perform statutory audit work. ACCA is gazetted under the relevant act (Under Section 199 of the Companies Act 1993: Qualifications of Auditors) in New Zealand. An ACCA member can practice as long as they hold an ACCA public practice certificate (with audit qualification) in their country of origin.
* A mutual recognition agreement existed between ACCA and the
New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants(NZICA). This was terminated by NZICA on 1 January 2003 and replaced with a new limited recognition of the ACCA qualification. [http://www.nzica.com/StaticContent/download/member/admacca.doc Details (MS Word)]
Caribbean, Central & South America
* The ACCA qualification currently is legally recognized by the national accounting institutes with the joint scheme relationships in:
Barbados( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Barbados);
Bahamas( Bahamas Institute of Chartered Accountants);
Belize(Institute of Chartered Accountants of Belize);
Dominica(Recognized by Companies Act 1994 in the Commonwealth of Dominica);
Guyana( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Guyana);
Jamaica( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Jamaica);
Trinidad and Tobago( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Trinidad and Tobago);
Saint Lucia(Institute of Chartered Accountants of Saint Lucia);
* The ACCA qualification is legally recognized in the following jurisdictions:
French Guiana(Part of Franceand hence subject to European Unionregulations).
* The ACCA qualification currently is recognized by the [http://www.saipa.co.za South African Institute of Professional Accountants (SAIPA)] .
* The ACCA Professional Scheme has been registered at Level 7 (equivalent to master degree level) on the "South African National Qualifications Framework" (NQF)in
* ACCA Zimbabwe is one of the constituent bodies of the Public Accountants and Auditors Board (PAAB). The PAAB is a statutory body established in 1996, to oversee the regulation of the profession and maintain a register of persons entitled to work or practise as public accountants or public auditors in
Zimbabwe. Only members in good standing of ACCA and [http://www.icaz.org.zw Institute of Chartered Accountants of Zimbabwe] register as auditors.
* The ACCA qualification currently is legally recognized by the national accounting institutes with the joint scheme relationships in:
Ghana( [Institute of Chartered Accountants of Ghana] )
Botswana( [http://www.bia.org Botswana Institute of Accountants] );
Egypt(The Egyptian Society of Accountants & Auditors);
Ethiopia(The Ethiopian Professional Association of Accountants and Auditors);
Lesotho(Lesotho Institute of Accountants);
Malawi(The Society of Accountants in Malawi);
Mauritius(The National Equivalence Council of Mauritius);
Nigeria( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria);
Sierra Leone( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Sierra Leone);
Swaziland(Swaziland Institute of Accountants);
Zambia(Zambia Institute of Chartered Accountants);
Tanzania(National Board of Accountants and Auditors).
1. Hong Kong SAR
* A new Agreement of Recognition Arrangement (ARA) between ACCA and
HKICPA(Local statutory accountancy body) was put in place on 22 August 2006, backdated to 1 July 2005. [http://www.accaglobal.com/hongkong/members/recognition/ Details] .
This replaced the old Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) that was terminated by HKICPA on 30 June 2005. It was a disaster for ACCA members when they had to go through so called "8 unfair terms" e.g.holding a degree recognized by HKICPA (ACCA degree offered by OUB was failed in the test), worked under HKICPA authorized employers,attend workshop, passed Final Professional Examination (FPE) etc.
On the contrary, HKICPA members could join in ACCA without any further requirement.
* However, ACCA qualification is highly recognized by the
Hong Kongemployment market due to international and historical influences. Most HKICPA members qualified through HKSA-ACCA joint scheme which was operated for more than 20 years. HKSA (Hong Kong Society of Accountants) was the old name of HKICPA.
As of end of 2005, there are 16,609 members in Hong Kong SAR
2. Macau SAR
* The ACCA currently is legally recognized with the joint scheme relationships by Macau Society of Certified Practising Accountants (Local statutory accountancy body) in
* According to the rules 6(iii) & 9 of accountancy examiniation published by
Taiwangovernment, the British qualified accountants- ACCA members or Chartered Certified Accountants are entitled to obtain advanced standing in the examinations to become a Certified Public Accountantin Taiwan. （ [http://www.cju.edu.tw/epc/law-technician-account.htm?PHPSESSID=5c25e295118f2140e225688ba18a4839 Details] ）
* ACCA and national accountancy body, [http://www.accountants.org.sg Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Singapore (ICPAS)] , have operated a Joint Scheme of Examinations since 1983. The Joint Scheme is based on ACCA's examinations and allows students to sit papers in Singapore law and tax. All students who successfully complete the Joint Scheme examinations satisfy the examination requirements of both ACCA and ICPAS and are eligible to apply for membership of both bodies. ACCA's student numbers in
Singaporefor the Joint Scheme have topped 11,000.
* Singapore government recognizes ACCA qualification to meet her migration skills assessment to immigrate in Singapore.
As of end of 2005, there are 5,161 members in Singapore.
* On the 13th August 2007 ACCA and the Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA) signed a mutual recognition agreement (MRA), providing a route for members of both accountancy bodies to join the other body and to enjoy the benefits which both respected designations have to offer.
* The ACCA or Chartered Certified Accountant qualification currently is recognized by the [http://www.mia.org.my Malaysian Institute of Accountants] , non MIA member will not be considered as qualified accountant in
* ACCA is statutory recognised in Part II of the First Schedule of the Accountants Act, 1967.
As of end of 2005, there are 7,417 members in Malaysia
* The ACCA qualification is legally recognised as Qualified Company Secretary in
Pakistan, and there is partial recognition between ACCA and the local statutory accounting body ( Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan). ACCA affiliates are exempted first four modules (A-D) of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan qualification.
* ACCA in Pakistan has seen tremendous growth during the last five years with thousands of students enrolling every year into ACCA programs. Various local colleges and universities are also now offering ACCA programs in all major cities of the country. Some of the prominent local colleges and universities offering ACCA courses are PAC [http://www.pac.edu.pk] SKANS has been recently awarded with Platinum Status from ACCA,the highest certification from ACCA [http://www.cams.edu.pk CAMS] , [http://www.aureoletraining.com Aureole Training] , [http://www.alhamd.edu.pk Al-Hamd] and [http://www.tsa.edu.pk TSA]
* The ACCA currently is legally recognized by the national accounting institutes with the joint scheme relationships in:
Vietnam(The Ministry of Finance of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam);
Brunei(Brunei Institute of Certified Public Accountants);
Cambodia(The Ministry of Economy and Finance Kampuchea Institute of Certified Public Accountants and Auditors);
Laos(The Ministry of Finance of the Lao People's Democratic Republic).
* Through a range of partnerships with professional institutions, ACCA offers students and members access to other related professionals.
** The full members of ACCA are one of two professional bodies' members (Another is the charterholders of
Chartered Financial Analyst(CFA)) to be recognized by UK's [http://www.sii.org.uk Securities & Investment Institute (SII)] as the equivalent level of SII full membership (MSI). ( [http://www.sii.org.uk/web5/infopool.nsf/HTML/acca Details] ) Full membership of SII is recognized by several national investment professional bodies such as in Australia( [http://www.finsia.edu.au Financial Services Institute of Australasia (Finsia), formerly the Australian Institute of Banking and Finance)] and Hong Kong( [http://www.hksi.org/eng/ Hong Kong Securities Institute (HKSI)] .
** ACCA and [http://www.finsia.edu.au Financial Services Institute of Australasia (Finsia), formerly the Australian Institute of Banking and Finance)] have signed a global partnership agreement. Under the agreement, students and members of ACCA may obtain advanced standing in the Institute examinations.
** ACCA and the
Institute of Internal Auditors(IIA) have signed a global partnership agreement. Under the agreement, the two organisations will co-operate, collaborate and share resources across their global networks of offices and affiliate bodies.
** ACCA and the
Chartered Institute of Taxation(CIOT) have signed a global partnership agreement to enable ACCA’s members worldwide to take the CIOT’s Advanced Diploma in International Taxation (ADIT).
** ACCA members may access an accelerated route to Associate membership of the UK
Association of Corporate Treasurers(ACT).
** ACCA and
Investors in People(IIP) have signed an agreement that will enable IIP recognised organisations in the UK and Ireland to apply directly for the award of ACCA Approved Employer (professional developments stream), that means ACCA members working in IIP recognised organisations will benefit from the recognition of the work-related learning they obtain and will be able to take advantage of simplified CPD reporting.
Institute of Directors(IoD) and ACCA are working on a number of initiatives to promote an agenda of good governance and high standards in learning and development. From 2007, ACCA members seeking to enhance their skills and improve the performance of their organisation will be able to undertake the "Chartered Director qualification" – a professional qualification for directors. [ [http://www.accaglobal.com/wcoa/partnerships/professional/?session=fffffffeffffffff0a01213845561983e3b98d51ae9cbe65421da65c92cec7d8 Professional partners ] ]
Institute of Management Accountants(IMA) in United Stateshas agreed that Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) only have to pass four-papers final examination to get the Certified Management Accountant(CMA) designation. This is not based on a specific agreement but is the result of IMA's policy and similar accreditation is given to many other IFAC bodies, as well as to others with the equivalent of a U.S. bachelors degree (any discipline).
* Through a range of partnerships with several amounts of universities in this world, ACCA offers students and members access to graduate and postgraduate level
** The relationship between ACCA and the UK's
Oxford Brookes University, has offered ACCA students and members to the Oxford Brookes BSc(Honours) in Applied Accounting, and the online supported MBA.
** According to the agreements between ACCA and
Tsinghua Universityin Beijing( China), Tsinghua will recognise the Oxford Brookes UniversityBSc(Hons) Applied Accounting degree stated as the above, and will accept the graduates from this BSc(Hons) degree program to further study Tsinghua's master degreeprograms [http://www.accaglobal.com/news/releases/2409519] .
** ACCA and the
School of Oriental and African Studies(SOAS) at the University of Londonhave signed a global partnership agreement to enable ACCA’s members and affliates worldwide to take the SOAS's Postgraduate Diploma in Public Financial Management [ [http://uk.accaglobal.com/news/releases/uk/2704994?session=fffffffeffffffff0a01213944b770c0b77f09239b7613f70c9d3a2f48df5b15 Page not found | ACCA ] ] .
** ACCA has signed the agreement with the
University of Cambridge ESOL examinations (English for Speakers of Other Languages) to result in the launch of the International Certificate in Financial English (Cambridge ICFE), a new financial English exam.
** Together with the
Said Business School, at the University of Oxford, ACCA offers the Diploma in Financial Strategy, a Masters-level course that provides the essential elements of an MBA for qualified accountants, and is designed to extend knowledge and develop senior management skills.
** ACCA and
Edinburgh Business Schoolat Heriot-Watt Universityhave signed a joint agreement to enable ACCA Part 3 students, affiliates and members to gain a fast track entry through free-of-charge credit transfer and exemption when they matriculate for the MSc in Financial Management by distance learning or face-to-face study at a global network of centres. [ [http://www.accaglobal.com/news/general/edinburgh_business_school Page not found | ACCA ] ] [ [http://www.ebsglobal.net/information/pages/prospectivestudents/programmes/mscfm.html MSc Financial Management : Edinburgh Business School ] ]
** ACCA partners
Exeter Universityto offer members postgraduate qualifications in leadership (MA degree in leadership). [http://www.accaglobal.com/news/general/2859911] [http://www.accaglobal.com/wcoa/partnerships/university/?session=fffffffeffffffff0a0121384556200ecc05e04daca1fa5d1125fab71e8530fe]
** Through a range of recognitions by many universities in this world including
UK, Hong Kongand Universitas 21 Global, there are the accelerated routes for ACCA members to their master degreeprogrammes. [ [http://hongkong.accaglobal.com/hongkong/members/master/ Page not found | ACCA ] ]
* ACCA is represented on many committees and bodies around the world. [ [http://www.accaglobal.com/wcoa/partnerships/committees/?session=fffffffeffffffff0a012138456a886bfc2a6a7f7f63b6f263265c289c41a88b Influential bodies and committees ] ]
ASEANFederation of Accountants (AFA)
** Confederation of Asia Pacific Accountants (CAPA)
Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies(CCAB)
** Eastern, Central and Southern African Federation of Accountants (ECSAFA)
** European Financial Reporting Advisory Group
** Fédération des Experts Comptables Européens (FEE)
** Fédération des Experts Comptables Méditerranéens (FCM)
Global Reporting Initiative(GRI)
** Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean (ICAC)
** Inter-American Accounting Association (IAA)
** South Eastern European Partnership on Accountancy Development (SEEPAD)
Chartered Certified Accountant(ACCA/FCCA)
Certified Accounting Technician(CAT)
Association of Authorised Public Accountants(AAPA - Subsidiary of ACCA)
Notes and references
* [http://www.accaglobal.com/images/membershipgrowth2007.gifACCA Membership Growth - 2007]
* [http://www.frc.org.uk/images/uploaded/documents/5th%20Edition%20Key%20Facts%20and%20Trends%20Final090807.pdf Key Facts and Trends in the UK Accountancy Profession - July 2007]
* [http://www.frc.org.uk/images/uploaded/documents/Key%20Facts%20and%20Trends%20141106%20FINAL.pdf Key Facts and Trends in the UK Accountancy Profession - November 2006]
* [http://www.acca.org.uk/ ACCA Official Website]
* [http://www.accaforums.com/ ACCA Community]
* [http://www.accaglobal.com/documents/performance_2006_table.pdf/ ACCA's Performance 2006]
* [http://www.accahelp.com ACCA HELP - Forums to Guide ACCA students]
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