- Tower of the Americas
Tower of the Americas is a 750-foot (229 m) observation tower with a restaurant in
San Antonio, Texas. Tower of the Americas, designed by San Antonio architect O'Neil Ford, was built as the theme structure of the 1968 World's Fair, HemisFair '68.
Construction of the tower began on
August 9, 1966and was completed in approximately 18 months, just in time for the opening ceremonies for the fair held on April 6, 1968. The tophouse of the building was constructed at ground level and hoisted to the top of the poured concrete shaft. As the tophouse was being hoisted into place, on October 30, 1967some of the cables used to hoist the tophouse snapped leaving the tophouse resting on and precariously tilted on the Tower’s shaft. Eventually, oil field pipes were used in lieu of cables to complete the job.
The tower was the tallest observation tower in the United States from 1968 until 1996, when the Las Vegas
Stratosphere Towerwas completed.
The tower is located in the middle of HemisFair Park and has an observation deck that is accessible by elevator for a fee. In addition, there is also a lounge and revolving restaurant at the top of the tower that provides panoramic views of the city.
Landry's Restaurants, Inc.won the bid for a 15-year lease to manage and operate the property for the City of San Antonio. Landry's undertook an extensive $8 million renovation of the existing restaurant and lounge and observation deck and added a 4-D film"ride" called "Skies Over Texas," that gives the history of Texasin a filmformat. Additionally, Landry's spent another $4 million to add approximately 200% more space for ground level attractions such as a gift shop and cafe. Renovations were completed and the tower re-opened with the new Eyes Over Texas Restaurant, Bar 601 and the Flags Over Texas observation deck on June 21, 2006. The restaurant rotates in a circular motion slowly as you eat.
In September 2007 Landry's converted the Eyes Over Texas Restaurant into one of its
Prior to Landry's, Frontier Enterprises (owner of San Antonio-based
Jim's Restaurants) operated the Tower of the Americas' restaurant for more than three decades.
*750 ft (229 m) to top of the antenna.
*622 ft (190 m) to top of roof.
*579 ft (176 m) to indoor observation deck.
*560 ft (170 m) to outdoor observation deck.
*550 ft (168 m) to restaurant and stationary level.
Since 1970 the roof has hosted a 30 meter tall tapered steel mast, used as support for three FM antennas; 101.9 KQXT (then known as KCOR-FM), 102.7 KJXK (then KTFM), and 104.5 KZEP (then KITE-FM). In 2007, the three individual antennas were replaced by a 16-Bay master antenna that radiates all three FM signals including the HD signal for KQXT. Clear Channel Radio and Electronics Research Inc. headed up the projected along with their contractors and involved the City of San Antonio and Landry's Restaurants. The new antenna system improved coverage for all three radio stations.Transmitters are located between the public areas of the observation deck and the revolving restaurant in equipment bays along with air conditioners and plumbing.
List of tallest buildings in Texas
Tower Life Building (San Antonio)
* [http://lib.utsa.edu/Archives/Guides/hemisfair/tower.html History of the Tower of the Americas] research guide with archival photographs
* [http://toweroftheamericas.com/ Tower of the Americas restaurant]
* [http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=118195 Emporis: Tower of the Americas]
* [http://www.mysanantonio.com/business/stories/MYSA021506.01A.Tower_ride.12d16b4d.html San Antonio Express-News article reporting about the renovations]
* [http://wireless2.fcc.gov/UlsApp/AsrSearch/asrRegistration.jsp?regKey=2600109 FCC-Entry]
*"A Guide to the San Antonio Fair, Inc., Records, 1963-1995 (Bulk 1964-1968)". [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/utsa/00050/utsa-00050p1.html Texas Archival Resources Online] . Retrieved Feb. 9, 2006.
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