Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile)

Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile)

Infobox_Political_Party
party_name = Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria
"Revolutionary Left Movement"
colorcode = #FF0000
party_
foundation = 1965| ideology = Marxism-Leninism
Communism
Scientific socialism
website = http://www.chile-mir.org/

Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) (Spanish "Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria") is a Chilean political party founded on October 12, 1965. The group emerged from various student organizations and established a base of support among the trade unions and shantytowns of Santiago. Andrés Pascal Allende, a nephew of Salvador Allende, president of Chile from 1970 to 1973, was one of its early leaders. Miguel Enríquez Espinosa was the General Secretary of the party between 1967 and his assassination in 1974 by the DINA.

MIR considered itself a revolutionary vanguard party and advocated a Marxist-Leninist model of revolution in which it would lead the working class to a "dictatorship of the proletariat".

Although MIR built up small arsenals of light arms, it supported rather than opposed the presidency of Salvador Allende and his People's Unity coalition. Nationwide unrest and political polarization escalated, as did left-wing and right-wing violence. Before 1973, the organization may have staged few attacks compared to its urban guerrilla peers, but it did try to infiltrate the Chilean Armed Forces in anticipation of a coup d'état against Allende and discussed plans to replace the existing police and military with a militia recruited from the Popular Front's supporters. In August 1973, it finally formed the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR) with other South American revolutionary parties (the Argentine ERP, the Uruguayan Tupamaros and the Bolivian National Liberation Army. However, the JCR never achieved real effectiveness.

These factors may explain both the vigorous and brutal purges of armed forces personnel who were suspected of being sympathetic to Allende after Augusto Pinochet's 1973 coup d'état and the Operation Condor campaign of state terrorism staged throughout the Southern Cone Fact|date=April 2007.

During Pinochet's dictatorship, the group was responsible for several attacks on government personnel and buildings, including assassination attempts on Pinochet himself. The years 1980-1981 the MIR had a guerrila group in Neltume. According to the Rettig Report, MIR leader Jecar Neghme was assassinated in 1989 by Chilean state agents [ [http://www.memoriaviva.com/Ejecutados/Ejecutados%20N/nehgme_cristi_jecar_antonio.htm Neghme Cristi Jecar Antonio] , "Memoria Viva" es icon ] .

After Chile's return to democracy in 1990, the party was resurrected. It currently participates in the Juntos Podemos Más coalition.

Notable members

*Miguel Enríquez
*Andrés Pascal Allende
*Luciano Cruz
*Bautista van Schouwen
*Antonio Llidó Mengual
*Víctor Fernando Krauss
*Jorge Müller Silva
*Luis Fuentes Labarca (founder of "El Rebelde").

References

External links

* [http://www.mir-chile.cl/ Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria website] (in Spanish)
* [http://www.chile-mir.org/ Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria website-Chile MIR] (in Spanish)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Revolutionary Left Movement — (Movimiento de (la) Izquierda Revolucionaria) may refer to: Revolutionary Left Movement (Bolivia) Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile) Revolutionary Left Movement (Peru) Revolutionary Left Movement (Venezuela) This disambiguation page lists… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Left — The Revolutionary Left is a part of the political spectrum that covers a number of philosophies, including some anarchists, communists, and Marxists.Groups or partiesThere are a number of groups or political parties with Revolutionary Left in… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Internationalist Movement — The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement is an international Communist organization which upholds Marxism Leninism Maoism.Founded in 1984, the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement seeks to unite the Marxist Leninist Maoist parties of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chile–Cuba relations — Chile …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Coordinating Junta — The Revolutionary Coordinating Junta or JCR ( Junta Coordinadora Revolucionaria ) was an alliance of leftist South American guerrilla organizations in the mid 1970s. The JCR was composed of the Chilean Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR), the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chile under Pinochet — General Augusto Pinochet, one of the most controversial figures in recent Chilean history, was head of the military junta that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990. The 1973 coup overthrew the Socialist president Salvador Allende, who is believed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Workers' Party (Bolivia) — The Revolutionary Workers Party (Spanish: Partido Obrero Revolucionario , POR) is a Trotskyist political party in Bolivia. At its height in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the POR was one of the few Trotskyist parties in history to gain a mass… …   Wikipedia

  • Chile — (1973–1990)    On 11 September 1973 the Chilean military overthrew Salvador Allende Gossens, a democratically elected Marxist president. Led by General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, the military coup unleashed a reign of terror over the civilian… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia — (Spanish) Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia [1] Participant in Colombian Armed Conflict   …   Wikipedia

  • Movement for the Reorganization of the Communist Party of Greece 1918–1955 — Movement for the Reorganization of the Communist Party of Greece 1918–55 Κίνηση για την Ανασύνταξη του ΚΚΕ 1918–55 Founded 1996 Preceded by Movement for a United Communist Party of Greece Newspaper Anasintaxi …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”