- Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile)
party_name = Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria
"Revolutionary Left Movement"
colorcode = #FF0000
foundation = 1965| ideology =
Marxism-Leninism Communism Scientific socialism
website = http://www.chile-mir.org/
Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) (Spanish "Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria") is a
Chilean political partyfounded on October 12, 1965. The group emerged from various student organizations and established a base of support among the trade unions and shantytowns of Santiago. Andrés Pascal Allende, a nephew of Salvador Allende, president of Chile from 1970 to 1973, was one of its early leaders. Miguel Enríquez Espinosawas the General Secretary of the party between 1967 and his assassination in 1974 by the DINA.
MIR considered itself a revolutionary
vanguard partyand advocated a Marxist-Leninist model of revolutionin which it would lead the working classto a " dictatorship of the proletariat".
Although MIR built up small arsenals of light arms, it supported rather than opposed the presidency of Salvador Allende and his
People's Unitycoalition. Nationwide unrest and political polarizationescalated, as did left-wingand right-wingviolence. Before 1973, the organization may have staged few attacks compared to its urban guerrillapeers, but it did try to infiltrate the Chilean Armed Forces in anticipation of a coup d'étatagainst Allende and discussed plans to replace the existing police and military with a militiarecruited from the Popular Front's supporters. In August 1973, it finally formed the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta(JCR) with other South American revolutionary parties (the Argentine ERP, the Uruguayan Tupamarosand the Bolivian National Liberation Army. However, the JCR never achieved real effectiveness.
These factors may explain both the vigorous and brutal purges of armed forces personnel who were suspected of being sympathetic to Allende after
Augusto Pinochet's 1973 coup d'état and the Operation Condorcampaign of state terrorismstaged throughout the Southern ConeFact|date=April 2007.
During Pinochet's dictatorship, the group was responsible for several attacks on government personnel and buildings, including assassination attempts on Pinochet himself. The years 1980-1981 the MIR had a guerrila group in Neltume. According to the
Rettig Report, MIR leader Jecar Neghme was assassinated in 1989 by Chilean state agents [ [http://www.memoriaviva.com/Ejecutados/Ejecutados%20N/nehgme_cristi_jecar_antonio.htm Neghme Cristi Jecar Antonio] , "Memoria Viva" es icon ] .
After Chile's return to democracy in 1990, the party was resurrected. It currently participates in the
Juntos Podemos Máscoalition.
Andrés Pascal Allende
*Bautista van Schouwen
*Antonio Llidó Mengual
*Víctor Fernando Krauss
*Jorge Müller Silva
*Luis Fuentes Labarca (founder of "El Rebelde").
* [http://www.mir-chile.cl/ Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria website] (in Spanish)
* [http://www.chile-mir.org/ Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria website-Chile MIR] (in Spanish)
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