Carbonic anhydrase III, muscle specific

Carbonic anhydrase III, muscle specific

Carbonic anhydrase III, muscle specific, also known as CA3, is a human gene.

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summary_text = Carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) is a member of a multigene family (at least six separate genes are known) that encode carbonic anhydrase isozymes. These carbonic anhydrases are a class of metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide and are differentially expressed in a number of cell types. The expression of the CA3 gene is strictly tissue specific and present at high levels in skeletal muscle and much lower levels in cardiac and smooth muscle. A proportion of carriers of Duchenne muscle dystrophy have a higher CA3 level than normal. The gene spans 10.3 kb and contains seven exons and six introns.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: CA3 carbonic anhydrase III, muscle specific| url =| accessdate = ]


Further reading

citations =
*cite journal | author=Sly WS, Hu PY |title=Human carbonic anhydrases and carbonic anhydrase deficiencies. |journal=Annu. Rev. Biochem. |volume=64 |issue= |pages= 375–401 |year= 1995 |pmid= 7574487 |doi= 10.1146/
*cite journal | author=Carter N, Jeffery S, Shiels A, "et al." |title=Characterization of human carbonic anhydrase III from skeletal muscle. |journal=Biochem. Genet. |volume=17 |issue= 9-10 |pages= 837–54 |year= 1980 |pmid= 120192 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Oikarinen A, Vuori J, Autio P, "et al." |title=Comparison of muscle-derived serum carbonic anhydrase III and myoglobin in dermatological patients: effects of isotretinoin treatment. |journal=Acta Derm. Venereol. |volume=72 |issue= 5 |pages= 352–4 |year= 1993 |pmid= 1361281 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Oguni M, Setogawa T, Tanaka O, "et al." |title=Immunohistochemical study of carbonic anhydrase III in the extraocular muscles of human embryos. |journal=Acta Anat (Basel) |volume=144 |issue= 4 |pages= 316–9 |year= 1992 |pmid= 1414196 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Vuori J, Rasi S, Takala T, Väänänen K |title=Dual-label time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay for simultaneous detection of myoglobin and carbonic anhydrase III in serum. |journal=Clin. Chem. |volume=37 |issue= 12 |pages= 2087–92 |year= 1992 |pmid= 1764784 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Shamsutdinov NSh, Islamov RI, Valuillin VV |title= [Carbonic anhydrase III--a marker of the myoepithelial cells of human salivary glands] |journal=Biulleten' eksperimental'noĭ biologii i meditsiny |volume=111 |issue= 3 |pages= 320–1 |year= 1991 |pmid= 1905166 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Nork TM, Wallow IH, Sramek SJ, "et al." |title=Immunocytochemical study of an eye with proliferative vitreoretinopathy and retinal tacks. |journal=Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) |volume=10 |issue= 1 |pages= 78–85 |year= 1990 |pmid= 1971453 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Lloyd J, Brownson C, Tweedie S, "et al." |title=Human muscle carbonic anhydrase: gene structure and DNA methylation patterns in fetal and adult tissues. |journal=Genes Dev. |volume=1 |issue= 6 |pages= 594–602 |year= 1987 |pmid= 2824285 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Lloyd JC, Isenberg H, Hopkinson DA, Edwards YH |title=Isolation of a cDNA clone for the human muscle specific carbonic anhydrase, CAIII. |journal=Ann. Hum. Genet. |volume=49 |issue= Pt 3 |pages= 241–51 |year= 1986 |pmid= 3000276 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Lloyd J, McMillan S, Hopkinson D, Edwards YH |title=Nucleotide sequence and derived amino acid sequence of a cDNA encoding human muscle carbonic anhydrase. |journal=Gene |volume=41 |issue= 2-3 |pages= 233–9 |year= 1986 |pmid= 3086182 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Wade R, Gunning P, Eddy R, "et al." |title=Nucleotide sequence, tissue-specific expression, and chromosome location of human carbonic anhydrase III: the human CAIII gene is located on the same chromosome as the closely linked CAI and CAII genes. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=83 |issue= 24 |pages= 9571–5 |year= 1987 |pmid= 3099285 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Väänänen HK, Autio-Harmainen H |title=Carbonic anhydrase III: a new histochemical marker for myoepithelial cells. |journal=J. Histochem. Cytochem. |volume=35 |issue= 6 |pages= 683–6 |year= 1987 |pmid= 3106467 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Nakagawa Y, Perentes E, Rubinstein LJ |title=Non-specificity of anti-carbonic anhydrase C antibody as a marker in human neurooncology. |journal=J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. |volume=46 |issue= 4 |pages= 451–60 |year= 1987 |pmid= 3110380 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Edwards YH, Lloyd J, Parkar M, Povey S |title=The gene for human muscle specific carbonic anhydrase (CAIII) is assigned to chromosome 8. |journal=Ann. Hum. Genet. |volume=50 |issue= Pt 1 |pages= 41–7 |year= 1988 |pmid= 3122635 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Väänänen HK, Paloniemi M, Vuori J |title=Purification and localization of human carbonic anhydrase. III. Typing of skeletal muscle fibers in paraffin embedded sections. |journal=Histochemistry |volume=83 |issue= 3 |pages= 231–5 |year= 1985 |pmid= 3930440 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Carter ND, Heath R, Jeffery S, Rodeck C |title=Fetal plasma carbonic anhydrase III in Duchenne dystrophy. |journal=Lancet |volume=1 |issue= 8262 |pages= 39–40 |year= 1982 |pmid= 6119426 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Shima K, Tashiro K, Hibi N, "et al." |title=Carbonic anhydrase-III immunohistochemical localization in human skeletal muscle. |journal=Acta Neuropathol. |volume=59 |issue= 3 |pages= 237–9 |year= 1983 |pmid= 6221502 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Heath R, Schwartz MS, Brown IR, Carter ND |title=Carbonic anhydrase III in neuromuscular disorders. |journal=J. Neurol. Sci. |volume=59 |issue= 3 |pages= 383–8 |year= 1983 |pmid= 6410007 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Wåhlstrand T, Wistrand PJ |title=Carbonic anhydrase C in the human renal medulla. |journal=Ups. J. Med. Sci. |volume=85 |issue= 1 |pages= 7–17 |year= 1980 |pmid= 6770531 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Jeffery S, Edwards Y, Carter N |title=Distribution of CAIII in fetal and adult human tissue. |journal=Biochem. Genet. |volume=18 |issue= 9-10 |pages= 843–9 |year= 1981 |pmid= 6784712 |doi=

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