HMS Frobisher (D81)

HMS Frobisher (D81)

HMS "Frobisher" was a "Hawkins"-class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was built at Devonport Dockyard and launched on 20 March 1920.

Interwar career

"Frobisher" was commissioned on 20 September 1924, and entered service with the Mediterranean Fleet as flagship of the 1st Cruiser Squadron. She was temporarily detached to serve on the China Station in 1926. In 1927 "Frobisher" underwent a refit that replaced one convert|4|in|mm|0|sing=on gun, which was re-sited between the funnels with a fourth gun, with a catapult and a crane. In 1929 another refit gave "Frobisher" oil fired boilers, and she then joined the Atlantic Fleet. In November 1930 "Frobisher" was reduced to reserve before being converted to a Cadet's Training Ship, in which role she served from 1932 until 1939. She was laid up in early 1939, until the outbreak of the Second World War. In January 1940 "Frobisher" started an extensive refit, that rearmed her with five 7.5 inch, and five convert|4|in|mm|0|sing=on guns, and quadruple 2 pounder pom-pom and 19 20 mm Oerlikons.

Wartime service

"Frobisher" joined the 4th Cruiser Squadron of the Eastern Fleet in March 1942 and commenced operations in the Indian Ocean, escorting convoys around the African coast, spending brief periods in the Selborne dry dock at Simonstown, South Africa. "Frobisher" returned to the UK in March 1944. She was involved in Operation Neptune on 6 June as a member of Gunfire Bombardment Support Force D allocated to Sword Beach in the D-Day landings. Later that month she was deployed as a depot ship for the motor torpedo boats covering the naval forces. In August, she and the repair ship HMAS "Albatross" were damaged by a long range German torpedo fired from E-boats in Seine Bay. "Frobisher" was subsequently partly disarmed and reconverted into a Cadet Training Ship. She was sold for scrap on 26 March 1949 and arrived at Newport to be broken up for scrap on 11 May of that year.

References

* "British and Empire Warships of the Second World War", H T Lenton, Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-277-7
* "Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946", Ed. Robert Gardiner, Naval Institute Press, ISBN 0-87021-913-8
*Colledge
*Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
* [http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1210.html HMS Frobisher at U-boat.net]


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