Linoleoyl-CoA desaturase

Linoleoyl-CoA desaturase

In enzymology, a linoleoyl-CoA desaturase (EC number| is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

:linoleoyl-CoA + AH2 + O2 ightleftharpoons gamma-linolenoyl-CoA + A + 2 H2O

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are linoleoyl-CoA, AH2, and O2, whereas its 3 products are gamma-linolenoyl-CoA, A, and H2O.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on paired donors, with O2 as oxidant and incorporation or reduction of oxygen. The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O2 with oxidation of a pair of donors resulting in the reduction of O to two molecules of water. The systematic name of this enzyme class is linoleoyl-CoA,hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include Delta6-desaturase, Delta6-fatty acyl-CoA desaturase, Delta6-acyl CoA desaturase, fatty acid Delta6-desaturase, fatty acid 6-desaturase, linoleate desaturase, linoleic desaturase, linoleic acid desaturase, linoleoyl CoA desaturase, linoleoyl-coenzyme A desaturase, and long-chain fatty acid Delta6-desaturase. This enzyme participates in linoleic acid metabolism. It employs one cofactor, iron.



External links

::"The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is CAS registry|9014-34-0."

Gene Ontology (GO) codes

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