Arsacid dynasty of Iberia

Arsacid dynasty of Iberia

The Iberian Arsacids ( _ka. არშაკიანი, "Aršakiani", or არშაკუნიანი, "Aršakuniani"), a branch of the eponymous Parthian dynasty, ruled the ancient Georgian kingdom of Iberia from c. 189 until 284 A.D., when they were succeeded by the Chosroid Dynasty.


Once the Arsacids, in the person of Vologases II (r. 180-191), had consolidated their hold on the Armenian throne by 180, they gained momentum to interfere in Iberia. According to the medieval Georgian chronicles, the king of Armenia, whom Professor Cyril Toumanoff identifies with Vologases II, helped the rebellious nobles of Iberia overthrow his wife’s brother Amazaspus II of Iberia, last of the Pharnabazids, and replace Amazaspus with his son Rev I, whose reign (189-216) inaugurated the Arsacid dynasty in Iberia.Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), "Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts", pp. 292-294. Peeters Bvba ISBN 90-429-1318-5.]

Even as the Arsacids set on the thrones of three Caucasian kingdoms – those of Armenia, Iberia, and Albania – the dynasty was dislodged, in 226, from power in its original homeland and the more powerful and dynamic Sassanid dynasty emerged as new masters of the Iranian Empire. Although the later Georgian chronicles documents this change of power, its account of that period is full of anachronisms and semi-legendary allusions, providing little or no details about the effect of Iranian resurgence on Arsacid Iberia. What we know of that period comes from Classical sources as well as Sassanid inscriptions. By replacing the weak Parthian realm with a strong, centralized state, the Sassanids changed the political orientation of pro-Roman Iberia and reduced it to a tributary state. Shapur I (r. 242-272) placed a vassal, Amazaspus III (r. 260-265), on the throne of Iberia, possibly a rival or antiking of Mihrdat II. In 284, with the death of Aspagur II, the Iberian Arsacid line ended, and the Sassanids capitalized on a civil strife in the Roman Empire to establish their candidate, Mirian III, of the Chosroid dynasty, on the throne of Iberia.Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994), "The Making of the Georgian Nation: 2nd edition", p. 15. Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253209153]


*ge icon Melikishvili, Giorgi "et al". (1970), საქართველოს ისტორიის ნარკვევები ("Studies in the History of Georgia"), [ Vol. 1.] Tbilisi: Sabch'ota Sakartvelo.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arsacid Dynasty — The Arsacid Dynasty may refer to:*Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia *Arsacid dynasty of Iberia *Arsacid Dynasty of Caucasian Albania *Parthia …   Wikipedia

  • Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia — The Arsacid Dynasty (Arshakuni Dynasty) ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 54 to 428. Formerly a branch of the Parthian Arsacids, they became a distinctly Armenian dynasty. [cite book | last = Olson |first = James | title = An Ethnohistorical… …   Wikipedia

  • Arsacid Dynasty of Caucasian Albania — The Arsacid Dynasty was the dynasty of Parthian origin, which ruled the kingdom of Caucasian Albania in the 1st 5th century A.D. They were a branch of the Parthian Arsacid dynasty and together with the Arsacid rulers of the neighboring Armenia… …   Wikipedia

  • Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… …   Wikipedia

  • Chosroid Dynasty — House of Chosroids Country Georgia: Iberia, Kakheti Titles King (მეფე/mep e), Prince (ერისმთავარი/erismtavari) Founder Mirian III of Iberia Final sovereign Juansher of Kakheti Founding …   Wikipedia

  • Pharnabazid Dynasty — The Pharnabazid or P’arnavaziani (Georgian: ფარნავაზიანები) is the name of the first dynasty of Georgian kings of Kartli (Iberia) preserved by the Georgian historical tradition. Their rule lasted, with intermissions, from the 3rd century BC to… …   Wikipedia

  • Mirian III of Iberia — Mirian III Mirian III. A 17th century mural from the Svetitskhoveli cathedral Reign 4th century Consort Abeshura Nana …   Wikipedia

  • Rev I of Iberia — Rev I, the Just ( ka. რევ I მართალი, Rev Mart ali ) was a king of (Caucasian) Iberia (natively known as Kartli, i.e., eastern Georgia) from 189 to 191 A.D. His reign inaugurated the local Arsacid dynasty.Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), Studies In… …   Wikipedia

  • Artaxiad Dynasty — The Artaxiad Dynasty ruled Armenia from 189 BC until their overthrow by the Romans in AD 12. Their realm included Greater Armenia, Sophene and intermittently Lesser Armenia and parts of Mesopotamia. Their main enemies were the Seleucids and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Amazasp III of Iberia — Amazasp III ( ka. ამაზასპ III, Latinized as Amazaspus ) was a king of Iberia (natively known as Kartli; ancient Georgia) from 260 to 265 A.D.. He probably belonged to the Arsacid dynasty. Amazasp is unknown to the medieval Georgian literary… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”