- Agis I
Agis I (Gr. polytonic|Ἄγις) was a legendary king of
Spartaand eponymof the Agiad dynasty. He was the son of Eurysthenes, first monarch of this dynasty, [Pausanias, iii, 2.1] which ruled the city along with the Eurypontids. His genealogywas traced through Aristodemus, Aristomachus, Cleodaeusand Hyllusall the way to Heracles, [ Herodotus7, 204] and he belongs to mythology rather than to history. Tradition ascribed to him the capture of the maritime town of Helos, which resisted his attempt to curtail its guaranteed rights (which had originally been granted by Eurysthenes). The inhabitants of the town attempted to shake off the yoke, but they were subdued, and gave rise and name to the Spartan class of serfs called helots.Citation | last = Mason | first = Charles Peter | author-link = | contribution = Agis (1) | editor-last = Smith | editor-first = William | title = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology| volume = 1 | pages = 71-72 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company| place = Boston | year = 1867 | contribution-url = http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0080.html ] To his reign was referred the colony which went to Creteunder Pollis and Delphus. [Conon. "Narr." 36]
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