- USS Corypheus (1862)
USS "Corypheus" (1862) was a
schoonercaptured by the Union Navyduring the American Civil War.
"Corypheus" was used by the Union Navy primarily as a
gunboatto patrol navigable waterways of the Confederacy in order to prevent the South from trading with other countries. She carried a 30-pounder rifled gun, powerful enough to stop a blockade runner, and a howitzer for riverside bombardment.
Captured by the Union Navy and placed into service
yacht"Corypheus" was captured by "Calhoun" 13 May 1862in Bayou Bonfuca, Louisiana. Taken by the Navy she was assigned to tender duty for the bark "Arthur" off Aransas Pass, Texas, 12 June 1862, commanded by Acting Master A. T. Spear.
Civil War service
Assigned to the Gulf Blockade
Corpus Christi, Texas, on 12 August 1862"Corypheus" participated in the capture of the armed schooner "Breaker" and destruction of "Hannah" and "Elma" by their own men. She took part in the engagements at Corpus Christi on 16 and 18 August, and while returning to Aransas Bay, captured the blockade runner"Water Witch".
Participating in the Battle of Sabine Pass
Galveston, Texas, 28 December 1862, "Corypheus" fired in the Battle of Sabine Pass on 1 January 1863. "Corypheus" fought valiantly and cleared amid a rain of fire from the enemy when the Union force withdrew. Admiral David G. Farragutwrote of her officers and crew that they acted with uncommon coolness and great courage, keeping up their fire for the protection of the soldiers on shore, and, when ordered to abandon their vessel, preserved and safely extricated their ship although left entirely by themselves except for "Sachem".
Lake Pontchartrain assignment
Her next duty was on
Lake Pontchartrainwhere she was stationed to break up the small-craft traffic crossing between New Orleans, Louisiana, and coastal waters. She remained on this duty until November 1864when ordered to Pensacola, Florida. Following repairs, she was stationed around Mobile, Alabama.
Post war decommissioning and sale
After the war’s end, "Corypheus" was sold
15 September 1865.
United States Navy
American Civil War
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c14/corypheus.htm USS Corypheus]
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