Arthur Cayley Headlam

Arthur Cayley Headlam

Arthur Cayley Headlam CH (2 August 1862 – 17 January 1947) was an English theologian and Church of England Bishop of Gloucester from 1923 to 1945.

Born in Whorlton, County Durham, the son of its vicar (the historian James Wycliffe Headlam was his brother), he was educated at Winchester College and New College, Oxford, where he read Greats. He was a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1885. He was ordained in 1888, and became Rector of Welwyn in 1896.

He was Professor of Dogmatic Theology at King's College London from 1903-1916, where he served as Principal from 1903 to 1912.

He was Regius Professor of Divinity, Oxford from 1918 to 1923. His 1920 Bampton Lectures showed the theme of ecumenism that would preoccupy him. [ [ The Catholic Faith and the Religious Situation ] ] At the time of the 1926 General Strike, he opposed the intervention of some of the other bishops. [Matthew Grimley (2004), "Citizenship, Community, and the Church of England: Liberal Anglican Theories of the State Between the Wars", p. 121.]

He was influential in the Church of England's council on foreign relations in the 1930s, chairing the Committee on Relations with Episcopal Churches. [Edward Carpenter, "Cantuar: The Archbishops in Their Office", p. 450.] He supported the Protestant Reich Church in Germany, and was a critic of the Confessing Church. He is thus generally considered an 'Appeaser'. [Keith Clements, "Faith on the Frontier: A Life of J. H. Oldham", p. 343.]

He was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 1921 Birthday Honours for his services at Oxford. [LondonGazette |issue=32346 |date=4 June 1921 |startpage=4535 |endpage= |supp=yes]


*"Authority and Archaeology, Sacred and Profane: Essays on the Relation of Monuments to Biblical and Classical Literature" (1899) with S. R. Driver, Ernest A. Gardner, F. Ll. Griffith, F. Haverfield, and D. G. Hogarth
*"Criticism of the New Testament", St. Margaret's Lectures, 1902, with William Sanday, Frederick Kenyon, F. Crawford Burkitt, and J. H. Bernhard
*"The Miracles of the New Testament" (1914) Moorhouse Lectures for 1914
*"Christian Unity" (1930)
*"The Doctrine of the Church and Christian Reunion"



*Biography, "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography"
*Agnes Headlam-Morley, memoir in A. C. Headlam, "The Fourth Gospel as History" (1948)
*Ronald C. D. Jasper, "Arthur Cayley Headlam: life and letters of a bishop" (1960)
*E. C. Prichard, "Arthur Cayley Headlam: Bishop of Gloucester, 1923-45 - A Life"

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