- Renal vein
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = venae renales
GraySubject = 173
GrayPage = 679
Caption = The anterior surfaces of the kidneys, showing the areas of contact of neighboring viscera.
1. Renal pyramid
5. Renal hilum
Renal capsule 10. Inferior renal capsule
11. Superior renal
inferior vena cava
MeshName = Renal+Veins
MeshNumber = A07.231.908.752The renal veins are
veins that drain the kidney. They connect the kidney to the inferior vena cava.
It is usually singular to each kidney, except in the condition "multiple renal veins". [Medcyclopaedia|iv_2/m/MULTIPLE_RENAL_VEINS]
It also divides into 2 divisions upon entering the kidney:
* the anterior branch which receives blood from the anterior portion of the kidney and,
* the posterior branch which receives blood from the posterior portion.
Often, each renal vein will have a branch that receives blood from the ureter.
Because the inferior vena cava is on the right half of the body, the left renal vein is generally the longer of the two.
inferior vena cavais not laterally symmetrical, the left renal vein often receives the following veins: [ [http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/gastrointestinal_system/kidney_ans.html#27 Dissector Answers - Kidney & Retroperitoneum ] ]
inferior phrenic vein
gonadal vein( left testicular veinin males, left ovarian veinin females)
* left 2nd
This is in contrast to the right side of the body, where these veins drain directly into the IVC.
Diseases associated with the renal vein include
renal vein thrombosis(RVT) and nutcracker syndrome(renal vein entrapment syndrome).
* - "Retroperitoneal structures on the posterior abdominal wall."
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