Scolymus maculatus

Scolymus maculatus

Taxobox
name = "PAGENAME"



image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Asterales
familia = Asteraceae
tribus = Cichorieae
genus = "Scolymus"
species = "S. maculatus"
binomial = "Scolymus maculatus"
binomial_authority = L.

"Scolymus maculatus" (Spotted Golden Thistle or Spotted Oyster Thistle) is an annual plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region in southern Europe, southwest Asia, and northern Africa, and also the Canary Islands.

The stems are 20 to 130 cm long, broadly wing-shaped, irregularly dentate and spiny. The leaves, bracts and wings of the stem have a white and continuous cartilaginous edge. The basal leaves are oblong-lanceolate, smooth and pinnatifid, with few spines. The pinnatifid caulinar leaves are sinuate, more or less oval and spiny. The bracts are lanceolate, involucral and are more than five in number. The capitula are golden yellow, solitary or in clusters of two to four and flower from May to June.

The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects.

It is found on uncultivated land, in abandoned fields and ditches and along paths and waysides. It prefers clayey soils and temperate climates. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.

References

* [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Scolymus&SPECIES_XREF=maculatus&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK= Flora Europaea: "Scolymus maculatus"]
* [http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/1492/neglected.html Neglected horticultural crops - "Scolymus maculatus"]
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/pfaf/cgi-bin/arr_html?Scolymus+maculatus&CAN=COMIND Plants for a Future database]


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  • Scolymus maculatus — ID 76683 Symbol Key SCMA5 Common Name spotted goldenthistle Family Asteraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution NC Growth Habit Forb/herb Durati …   USDA Plant Characteristics

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