Enoch Arden

Enoch Arden

"Enoch Arden" is a poem published in 1864 by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, during his tenure as England's Poet Laureate.

The hero of the poem, fisherman turned merchant sailor Enoch Arden, leaves his wife Annie and three children to go to sea with his old captain, who is offering him work. Enoch had lost his job when he fell victim to an accident; in a manner that reflects the hero's masculine view of personal toil and hardship to support his family, Enoch Arden left his family to better serve them as a husband and father. However during his voyage he is shipwrecked and remains lost and missing for ten years.

He finds upon his return from the sea that, after his long absence, his wife, who believed him dead, is married happily to another man, his childhood friend Philip (Annie has known both men since her childhood, thus the rivalry), and has a child by him. Enoch's life remains unfulfilled, with one of his children now dead, and his wife and remaining children now being cared for by his onetime rival.

Tragically Enoch does not ever reveal to his wife and children that he is really alive, and dies of a broken heart.

The theme could be considered a variation on and antithesis to the Classical myth of Odyseus, who after an absence of ten years at sea found a faithful wife who had been loyally waiting for him.

"Enoch Arden" in popular culture

* A 1911 film, directed by D. W. Griffith is based on this poem.

* A 1915 film, directed by Christy Cabanne is based on this poem.

* The 1940 film "Too Many Husbands" has a similar theme.

* In the 1940 screwball comedy "My Favorite Wife", the character Ellen Wagstaff Arden (Irene Dunne) is a comic inversion of Enoch Arden. She returns from sea and boldly reclaims her husband and children. Cary Grant's character is called Nicky Arden. A remake called "Something's Got to Give" starring Marilyn Monroe and Dean Martin, and directed by George Cukor, was partly filmed in 1962 before being stopped due to Monroe's studio management problems and her subsequent death, but was shot and released the following year as "Move Over, Darling", with Doris Day in the Dunne role and James Garner in the Cary Grant one.

* Enoch Arden is the alias taken by Robert Underhay, a character in Agatha Christie's novel, "Taken at the Flood".

* The title of this poem is thought to be the origin of the trade name "Elizabeth Arden", adopted by Canadian Florence Nightingale Graham for her cosmetics empire.

* The poem was set to music by Richard Strauss (Enoch Arden Op. 38). The work requires a narrator and pianist. It has been recorded by Glenn Gould and Claude Rains. It has also been performed widely in 2007 by Emanuel Ax (piano) and Patrick Stewart (narrator) and recorded for release in September 2007. There is also another version with Michael York (narrator) and John Bell Young (pianist).

* The 1946 film Tomorrow is Forever is based on the poem. The film stars Orson Welles as the Enoch Arden character, and Claudette Colbert as his wife.

* The first Italian edition of Tennyson's Enoch Arden (melodrama by Richard Strauss, Op. 38) was published in 2004 by Pietro De Luigi in a version, like the original, for piano and voice, on the CD label Rugginenti. The performers are Pietro De Luigi (pianist), and the actress Laura Marinoni (narrator).

* The Tom Hanks film Cast Away from 2000, could be considered a variation of "Enoch Arden".

* The short story Enoch Arden's One Night Stands (2004) by Jacob M. Appel features an in-depth discussion of the poem by a pair of would-be lovers.

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  • Enoch Arden — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Enoch Arden est un poème publié en 1864 du poète britannique Alfred Tennyson. L histoire qui l inspira lui fut confié par le sculpteur et poète Thomas… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • enoch arden — |ēnə̇|kärdən, nē|k , kȧd noun Usage: usually capitalized E&A Etymology: after Enoch Arden, hero of the poem Enoch Arden (1864) by Tennyson : a person missing and believed dead usually through no fault of his own who subsequently is found alive * …   Useful english dictionary

  • Enoch Arden — Lillian Gish spielte 1915 in einer der Verfilmungen Enoch Arden ist eine Ballade von Alfred Tennyson, die 1864 veröffentlicht wurde. Das Versepos fand rasche Verbreitung und wurde ein ungeheurer Erfolg. Dies zeigen u. a. die zwölf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enoch Arden (film, 1915) — Enoch Arden est un film américain muet réalisé par Christy Cabanne, sorti en 1915. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique[1] 3 Distribution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enoch Arden (film, 1908) — Enoch Arden (titre original : After Many Years) est un film muet américain réalisé par D. W. Griffith, sorti en 1908. Sauf mention contraire cette fiche est établie à partir du livre D.W. Griffith Le Cinéma, de Patrick Brion et Jean Loup… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enoch Arden (Oper) — Werkdaten Titel: Enoch Arden oder Der Möwenschrei Originalsprache: Deutsch Musik: Ottmar Gerster Libretto: Karl Michael Freiherr von Levetzow Literarische Vorlage: „Enoch Arden“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enoch Arden (1911 film) — Infobox Film name = Enoch Arden image size = caption = director = D. W. Griffith producer = writer = Linda Arvidson Alfred Lord Tennyson narrator = starring = Dorothy Bernard music = cinematography = G. W. Bitzer editing = distributor = released …   Wikipedia

  • Enoch Arden (1915 film) — Infobox Film name = Enoch Arden image size = caption = director = Christy Cabanne producer = writer = D. W. Griffith Alfred Lord Tennyson narrator = starring = Alfred Paget Lillian Gish music = cinematography = William Fildew editing =… …   Wikipedia

  • Enoch Arden law — The Enoch Arden law is a legal precedent in the United States that grants a divorce or a legal exemption so that a person can remarry, if his or her spouse has been absent without explanation for a certain number of years, typically seven.The… …   Wikipedia

  • Enoch Arden — /ahr dn/ 1. (italics) a narrative poem (1864) by Tennyson. 2. its hero. 3. a missing person who is presumed dead but is later found to be alive. * * * …   Universalium

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