- Sri Sanjaya
King Sri Sanjaya (AD
732— 760) was the founder of Mataram Kingdomand also the Sanjaya Dynastyduring the eighth century. His name was revealed in the AD 732 Sanskritinscription carved in stone found at the foot of Ukir (or Wukir) hill (about m to ft|340|abbr=yes high) on the southern Kedu Plainin Central Java.cite journal |journal=Indonesia |title=In Search of "Ho-Ling" |author=W. J. van der Meulen| volume=23 |date=1977 |pages=87–112 |url=http://cip.cornell.edu/Dienst/UI/1.0/Display/seap.indo/1107118718] The inscription also states that Sanjaya was an ardent follower of Shaivism, in contrast with his Buddhistrival of the Sailendras. The latter was forced to move eastward by Sanjaya as written in an old Chinese report, whom named Sanjaya as "Chi-Yen".cite journal |journal=Indonesia |title=King Sañjaya and His Successors |author=W. J. van der Meulen| volume=28 |date=1979 |pages=17–54 |url=http://cip.cornell.edu/Dienst/UI/1.0/Display/seap.indo/1107121629 |doi=10.2307/3350894]
Sanjaya was also known as Rakai Mataram with the additional title of 'Sang Ratu Sanjaya'. The title "rakai" (from "raka" or "rake" meaning 'lord of') indicates any members of nobility from a king to a simple squire. The name of King Sanjaya Saga was also mentioned in the old romanticized and mythicized Sundanese manuscript of "Carita Parahyangan" (or Parahyangan Story) in which Sanjaya was portrayed as the Sundanese king hero of Galuh. [cite journal| author=R. Ng. Poerbatjaraka |title=De Batoe-toelis bij Buitenzorg |volume=59 |date=1919 |pages=380–417 |journal=Tijdschrift voor Indische taal-, land-, en volkenkunde]
Sanjaya accession to his throne was proclaimed in the Ukir inscription and it was accomplished by force because he was the son of Sannaha (the previous ruler) to save the country from destruction. An analysis to the inscription, which marked as a warning to
vassal states and defeated kings, suggests that the Ukir hill was the first center of Mataram Kingdom. Sanjaya later moved his " kraton" between AD 742—755, as written in a Chinese annal.
Another recorded source of Sanjaya's history and his successors was found in the
Balitungcharter. Balitung mentioned what it is called 'the builders of kraton', starting from Rakai Mataram (Sanjaya) followed by the Maharaja Rakai Panangkaran, Panunggalan, Warak, Garung, Pikatan, Kayuwangi, Watuhumalang and Watukura (which is Balitung himself).
Kingdom of Mataram
History of Indonesia
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