- Dublin Convention
The Dublin Convention (sometimes the Dublin accords or Dublin system) is a European Union (EU) law to streamline the application process for
refugees seeking political asylumunder the Geneva Convention, as amended by the New York Protocol. The intent is to clarify which member state is responsible for any particular asylum seeker, and ensure that at least one member state deals with the application. Usually this will be the Member State through which an asylum seeker first entered the EU. In 2003, the Dublin Convention was replaced by the so-called Dublin II Regulation. Later in 2008, the European Commission will propose amendments to the DublinRegulation, creating an opportunity for reform of the Dublin System. [cite web|url=http://www.ecre.org/files/Sharing%20Responsibility_Dublin%20Reconsidered.pdf |title=Sharing Responsibility for Refugee Protection in Europe: Dublin Reconsidered |publisher=ECRE |accessdate=2008-08-13]
One of the principal aims is to prevent an applicant from submitting applications in multiple member states. Generally, someone seeking asylum is required to apply in the member state first entered. Another aim is to reduce the number of "orbiting" asylum seekers, who are shuttled from member state to member state. However since the country that a person first arrived in is responsible for dealing with the application, this puts excessive pressure on border areas, where states are often least able to offer asylum seekers support and protection. Currently, those being transferred under Dublin II are not always able to access an asylum procedure. This puts people at risk of being returned to persecution. [ cite web|url=http://www.ecre.org/topics/dublin_ii |title=Dublin II |publisher=ECRE |accessdate=2008-08-13]
The Convention was signed in
Dublin, Ireland on 15 June 1990, and first came into force on 1 September 1997for the first twelve signatories ( Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spainand the United Kingdom), on 1 October 1997for Austriaand Sweden, and on 1 January 1998for Finland. Recently, the treaty has been extended to some countries outside the Union. Switzerlandhas become a signatory to the Convention and on the 5th June 2005voted by 54.6% to ratify it; it is hoped to join it in 2007. wikinews|The Swiss vote yes to same-sex relationships and "Schengen/Dublin"
* [http://www.arena.uio.no/publications/working-papers2006/papers/wp06_03.pdf Logics of Decision-making on Community Asylum Policy: A Case Study of the Evolvement of the Dublin II Regulation] University of Oslo: ARENA Working Paper 03/2006
* [http://ec.europa.eu/infonet/library/a/97c25401/en.htm Text of the Dublin Convention]
* [http://www.ecre.org/topics/dublin_ii European Council on Refugees and Exiles position on the Convention]
* [http://www.irishrefugeecouncil.ie/factsheets/dublinconvention4.html Fact sheet from the Irish Refugee Council]
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