Name = Kick-'em-Jenny
Sonarimage of the submarine Kick-'em-Jenny cone from the NE in 1996.
Elevation = Unit m|-180|0
Caribbean Sea, north of Grenada
Coordinates = coord|12.30|N|61.64|W|type:mountain
Last eruption= 2001
First ascent =
Kick-'em-Jenny(Also: Kick'em Jenny or Mt. Kick-'Em-Jenny) is an active
submarine volcanoon the Caribbean Seafloor 8 km north of the island of Grenadaand about 8 km west of Ronde Islandin the Grenadines. Kick-'em-Jenny rises 1,300 meters (4,300 feet) above the sea floor on the steep inner western slope of the Lesser Antillesridge. The North American tectonic plate is subducting the Caribbean tectonic plate to the east of this ridge and under the Lesser Antilles island arc.
The first record of the volcano was in
1939, although it must have erupted many times before that date. On 23-24 July 1939 an eruption broke the sea surface, sending a cloud of steam and debris 275 m into the air and generating a series of tsunamis around two metres high when they reached the coastlines of northern Grenada and the southern Grenadines. In 2003, the summit reached 180 m below the sea surface and is thought to have remained constant since the 1960s.
The volcano has erupted on at least twelve occasions since 1939 and
2001(the last being on December 4, 2001), although none of the eruptions have been as large as the 1939 one and most were only detected seismically. The larger eruptions have also been heard underwater or on land close to the volcano as a deep rumbling sound [http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/WestIndies/KickEmJenny/description_kick_em_jenny.html] .
A submersible survey in 2003 detected a crater with active
fumaroles releasing cold and hot gas bubbles. Samples of fresh olivine basaltwere collected. An arc shaped collapse structure appears on the west flank and was the apparent source of a submarine debris avalanche extending 15 km down the ridge slope to the west toward the Grenada Basin.
The volcano was apparently unknown before 1939, although "Kick 'em Jenny" appeared on earlier maps as either the name of a small island now called Diamond Rock (or Île Diamante), or the name of the strait between Grenada and Ronde Island (or Île de Ronde). The name itself may be a reference to the waters sometimes being extremely rough [http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/WestIndies/KickEmJenny/description_kick_em_jenny.html] .
List of volcanoes in Grenada
* [http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1600-16= Global Volcanism Program: Kick 'em Jenny]
* [http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/north_america/kick.html Volcano World: Kick-'em-Jenny]
* [http://www.uwiseismic.com/KeJ/kejhome.html Univ. of the W.I. Seismic Research unit]
* [http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/WestIndies/KickEmJenny/description_kick_em_jenny.html USGS: Kick 'Em Jenny Volcano, West Indies]
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