- Carl Ludwig Willdenow
Carl Ludwig Willdenow (
22 August 1765- 10 July 1812) was a German botanist, pharmacist, and plant taxonomist. He is considered one of the founders of phytogeography, the study of the geographic distribution of plants. Willdenow was also a mentor of Alexander von Humboldtone of the earliest and best known phytogeographers.
Willdenow was born in
Berlinand studied medicineand botanyat the University of Halle. He was a director of the Botanical gardenof Berlinfrom 1801 until his death. There he studied many South American plants, brought back by the explorer Alexander von Humboldt. He was interested in the adaptation of plants to climate, showing that the same climate had plants having common characteristics. His herbarium, containing more than 20,000 species, is still preserved in Berlin.
He is most famous for his synthesis of European plant geography, and his mountains origins theories.
[http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb043/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0430254) Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie]
The standard botanical author abbreviation Willd. is applied to plants he described.
*"Florae Berolinensis prodromus" (1787)
*"Grundriß der Kräuterkunde" (1792)
*"Berlinische Baumzucht" (1811)
*"Linnaei species plantarum" (1798-1826, 6 volumes) [http://www.botanicus.org/title/b1206998x Botanicus]
*"Anleitung zum Selbststudium der Botanik" (1804)
*"Enumeratio plantarum horti regii botanici Berolinensis" (1809)
*"Hortus Berolinensis" (1816)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.