Adrian Knox

Adrian Knox

Infobox Judge
honorific-prefix = The Right Honourable

name = Sir Adrian Knox
honorific-suffix =
KCMG PC
order = 2nd
office = Chief Justice of Australia
term_start = 18 October 1919
term_end = 31 March 1930
appointer = Billy Hughes
predecessor = Sir Samuel Griffith
successor = Sir Isaac Isaacs
birth_date = 29 November 1863
birth_place = Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
death_date = 27 April 1932
death_place = Woollahra, New South Wales, Australia

Sir Adrian Knox KCMG PC (29 November 1863 – 27 April 1932), Australian judge, was the second Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, sitting on the bench of the High Court from 1919 to 1930.

Education

Knox was born in Sydney on 29 November 1863, the son of English migrant parents who owned the Colonial Sugar Refining Company. Knox was educated first in Sydney, and then in the United Kingdom, attending the Harrow School and Cambridge University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Laws in 1885. Shortly after, he was admitted to the Inner Temple, where English barristers are called to the bar.

Legal career

Knox returned to Australia in 1886 and joined his brother George in practising law. When George died in 1888, Adrian took over the practice, and soon became one of the most successful lawyers at the bar. Between 1888–90, he reported equity cases for the New South Wales Law Reports.

In 1894, Knox was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, in the (no longer existing) seat of Woollahra. After being reelected in 1895, Knox retired from the parliament in 1898. At this time, he was also a director of the Australian Mutual Provident Society and a founding member of the Walter and Eliza Hall Trust.

Knox was made a King's Counsel in 1906, and shortly after was offered a position on the bench of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, which he declined. Also in 1906, Knox became Chairman of the Australian Jockey Club, indulging his passion for horse-racing. In 1910, Knox's horse "Vavasor" won the Sydney Cup. He remained Chairman until 1919. During World War I, Knox left his practice and traveled to Egypt, where he served as a Commissioner for the Red Cross. He served on the NSW Bar Council from its foundation in 1902 until 1910, and again from 1916 to 1919.

Judicial career

Soon after Knox returned from Egypt, Sir Samuel Griffith retired as the first Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, and in October 1919, Prime Minister Billy Hughes appointed Knox as the second. He was appointed to the Privy Council in 1920, and KCMG in 1921.Citation
last = Fricke
first = Graham
last2 = Rutledge
first2 = Martha
contribution = Knox, Adrian
editor-last = Blackshield
editor-first = William
title = The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia
volume = 1
pages = 400-402
publisher = Oxford University Press
place = Melbourne
year = 2001
] Knox sat on a number of judicial committees in this capacity, including one which investigated the British Government's authority to establish the Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland. During his time as Chief Justice, Knox presided over such significant cases as the Engineers' case of 1920.

In 1930, Knox was left half of the estate of his friend and mining magnate John Brown, which was reportedly worth more than a million pounds, and in March 1930 he retired from the High Court in order to manage this business. Knox died in Woollahra on 27 April 1932 and is interred in Waverley Cemetery. He was survived by his wife and three children.

Honours

In 1918, Knox was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG), and in 1921 he was elevated to a Knight Commander of that order (KCMG). Knox was an inaugural inductee of the Australian Racing Hall of Fame, which was established in 2001.

References

*Dictionary of Australian Biography|First=Adrian|Last=Knox|Link=http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogI-K.html#knox1
* Parliament of New South Wales – [http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/members.nsf/0/36F919FF0130F673CA256E3C001AB181 Sir Adrian Knox]
* Australian Racing Hall of Fame – [http://www.racinghalloffame.com.au/inductees/aknox.htm Sir Adrian Knox]


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